√ Use the Simple Past or the Past Continuous Tense.
√ Translate from Russian into English.
1. I (hear, not) the thunder during the storm last night because I (sleep). 2. It was beautiful yesterday when we went for a walk in the park. The sun (shine). A cool breeze (blow). The birds (sing). 3. My brother and sister (argue) about something when I (walk) into the room. 4. I (get) a package in the mail. When I (open) it I (find) a surprise. 5. Stanley (climb) the stairs when he (trip) and (fall). Luckily, he (hurt, not) himself. 6. While Mrs Emerson (read) the little boy a story, he (fall) asleep, so she (close) the book and quietly (tiptoe) out of the room. 7.I really (enjoy) my vacation last January. While it (snow) in Iowa, the sun (shine) in Florida. While you (shovel) snow in Iowa, I (lie) on the beach in Florida 8. It was my first day of class. I (find, finally) the right room. The room (be, already) full of students. On one side of the room, students (talk, busily) to each other in Spanish. Other students (speak) Japanese, and some (converse) in Arabic. It (sound) like the United Nations. Some of the students, however, (sit, just) quietly by themselves. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. In a few minutes, the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop). 9. When I I (arrive) she (have) lunch. She (apologize) for starting without me but said that she always (lunch) at 12.30. 10. He (wear, always) a raincoat and (carry) an umbrella when he walked to the office. 11. I (share) a flat with him when we were students. He (complain, always) about my untidiness. 12. He suddenly (realize) that he (travel) in the wrong direction. 13. He (play) the guitar outside her house when someone opened the window and (throw) out a bucket of water. 14. I (open, just) the letter when the wind (blow) it out of my hand. 15. The burglar (open) the safe when he (hear), footsteps. He immediately (put) out his torch and (crawl) under the bed. 16. The boys (play) cards when they (hear) their father’s step. They immediately (hide) the cards and (take) out their lesson books. 17. He (not allow) us to go out in the boat yesterday as a strong wind (blow). 18. The traffic (make) so much noise that I couldn’t hear what he (say). 19. She (stand) at the bus-stop. I asked her what bus she (wait) for. 20. When I (hear) his knock I (go) to the door and (open) it, but I (not recognize) him at first because I (not wear) my glasses. 21 While the guests (dance) thieves (break) into the house and (steal) a lot of fur coats. 22. She was very extravagant. She always (buy) herself new clothes. 23. Her mother often (tell) her that she (spend) too much money but she never (listen). 24. Mr Smith never (wake) up in time in the mornings and always (get) into trouble for being late; so one day he (go) to town and (buy) an alarm clock. To get home, he (have) to go through a field where a bad-tempered bull usually (graze). This bull normally (not chase) people unless something (make) him angry. Unfortunately, as Mr Smith (cross) the field, his alarm clock (go) off. This (annoy) the bull, who immediately (begin) to chase Mr Smith. Mr Smith (carry) an open umbrella as it (rain) slightly. He (throw) the umbrella to the ground and (run) away as fast as he could. The bull (stop) and (begin) to attack the umbrella. While he (do) this Mr Smith escaped. 25. Why you (interrupt) me just now? I (have) a very interesting conversation with Mr Pitt. 26. As they (walk) along the road they (hear) a car coming behind them. Tom (turn) round and (hold) up his hand. The car (stop). 27. While he (make) his speech the minister suddenly (feel) faint. But someone (bring) him a glass of water and after a few minutes he (be able) to continue. 28. I (see) you yesterday from the bus. Why you (use) a stick? — I (use) a stick because I had hurt my leg that morning falling off a horse. Whose horse you (ride)? 29. How you (damage) your car so badly? — I (run) into a lamp-post yesterday. — I suppose you (drive) too quickly or were not looking where you (go).30. I just (write) a cheque when I (remember) that I (have) nothing in the bank. 31. He (say) that he (build) himself a house and that he (think) it would be ready in two years. 32. Why you (lend) him that book? I (read, still) it. — I’m sorry. I (not know) that you (read, still) it. 33. You (hear) what she just (say)? —No, I (listen, not). I (think) about something else. 34. Why you (not be) at the meeting? — I (wait) for an overseas call from my family. 35. I’m sure you met Carol Jones at the party last night.—I don’t remember her. What (wear, she)? 36. How (break, you) your arm? — I (slip) on the ice while I (cross) the street in front of the dorm. 37. Peter and Ann (decide) to redecorate their sitting-room themselves. They (choose) cream paint for the woodwork and apricot for the walls. When John (look) in to see how they (get) on, Ann (mix) the paint, and Peter (wash) down the walls. They (be) glad to see John and (ask) if he (do) anything special that day. He hastily (reply) he (go) to the theatre and (go) away at once, because he (know) they (look) for someone to help them. They (begin) painting, but (find) the walls (be) too wet. While they (wait) for the walls to dry, Ann (remember) she (have) a phone call to make. Peter (start) painting while she (telephone), and (do) a whole wall before Ann (come) back; He (grumble) that she always (telephone). Ann (retort) that Peter always (complain). They (work) in silence for some time. Just as they (start) the third wall, the doorbell (ring). It (be) a friend of Peter's who (want) to know if Peter (play) golf the following weekend. He (stay) talking to Peter in the hall while Ann (go) on painting. At last he (leave). Peter (return), expecting Ann to say something about friends who (come) and (waste) valuable time talking about golf. But Ann nobly (say) nothing. Then Peter (think) he would do the ceiling. He just (climb) the step ladder when the doorbell (ring) again. Ann (say) she (get) tired of interruptions but (go) and (open) the door. It (be) the postman with a letter from her aunt Mary, saying she (come) to spend the weekend with them and (arrive) that evening at 6.30. 38 We (not get) much sleep last night because the people next door (have) a noisy party. I (ring) up the landlord and (say) that his tenants (make) too much noise. He (point out) that it (be) Saturday and that people in his house often (have) parties on Saturday nights. 39. What you (do) before you (get) this job? — I (work) for Brown and Company. — And how long you (stay), with them? — I (stay) for about six months. I (leave) because they always (go) bn strike. It (become) quite monotonous 40. How you (break) your leg? — I (fall) off a ladder when I (put) up curtains. The worst of it (be) that it (be) just before the holidays and I (go) away, (had planned to go away) — So you (not go) away? — No, of course not. I (cancel) my bookings and (spend) the holiday hobbling about at home. 41. My neighbour (look) in last night and (say) that he (leave) the district and (go) to Yorkshire to a new job. I (say) I (be) very sorry that he (go) and (tell) him to write to me from Yorkshire and tell me how he (get) on. 42. As the goalkeeper (run) forward to seize the ball a bottle (strike) him on the shoulder. 43. It (snow) heavily when he (wake) up. He (remember) that Jack (come) for lunch and (decide) to go down to the station to meet him in case he (lose) his way in the snowy lanes. 44. It (be) midnight and I (be) alone in the house. Outside it (rain) very hard. I (get) ready to go to bed when I suddenly (hear) a strange noise outside my room in the corridor. Then, when I (look) at the door, I (notice) that someone (turn) the handle! I (rush) over to the door and quickly (turn) the key in the lock. Then I (ask) in a trembling voice, “Who is it?” 45. When I (introduce) Tom to Ryan, they (shake) hands and (smile) at each other. 46. Chris (hurt) his finger when he was making his dinner last night. He accidentally (cut) it with a sharp knife. .
II. Translate from Russian into English.
1. Вчера вечером шел сильный дождь, и мы не смогли пойти на стадион, 2. Я не ожидал тебя здесь встретить. Когда ты приехал? 3. Я не успел на поезд в 10 часов и мне пришлось ждать следующего целый час. 4. Мы не поняли друг друга. Я ждал его в здании университета, а он в это время ждал меня на улиц 5 Стюардесса попросила пассажиров пристегнуть ремни, так как самолет шел на посадку. 6. Ты вчера вечером был дома? — Нет, я ходил в театр. Мне очень понравился спектакль. Игра актеров была великолепной. 7. Когда ты был в отпуске последний раз? — Прошлой зимой. — Как ты его провел? — Прекрасно. Ходил на лыжах, катался на коньках 8. Когда ты позвонил вчера, я был занят. Я переводил наш новый контракт. 9. Вчера я опоздал на урок английского языка. Когда я пришел, студенты писали сочинение. 10. Аня подмела пол, вымыла посуду, а потом стала готовить домашнее задание. 11. Вчера мы купались, загорали, катались на лодке, играли в теннис. Мы очень хорошо провели время 12. Шел ли дождь, когда ты вышел из дома? 13. Он спускался вниз по лестнице, когда я его увидел! 14. С кем ты разговаривал, когда я встретил тебя в коридоре 15. Что ты делала, когда я позвонила тебе вчера вечером? — Я готовила ужин. 16. Ты была вчера дома в 5 часов? — Нет, я была в университете. В это время я сдавала экзамен по грамматике. 17. В то время как я искал ключи в гостиной, моя жена искала их в столовой. 18. Она без конца била посуду. 19. Она вечно жаловалась. 20. Почему тебя не было на собрании вчера? — Я должен был встретить сестру на вокзале. 21 Когда ты видела его в последний раз? — Неделю назад в библиотеке. Пока я готовила обед, мой муж чинил автомобиль. 23. Когда ты писал родителям в последний раз? — Месяц назад. 24. Мы жили в Москве 10 лет, а потом переехали в Минск. 25. Когда я вошел в зал, студенты все еще обсуждали первый доклад. 26. Мальчик ловил рыбу, когда он упал в воду. 27. Пять лет назад я имел обыкновение рано вставать. 28. Неделю назад я потерял свои очки, но два дня спустя я нашел их. 29. Стоял прекрасный летний день. Светило солнце и пели птицы. 30. Он был очень занят, когда я его видел, так как на следующий день он уезжал в командировку. 31. Почему ты был так сердит на него? 32. В прошлую субботу мой отец ходил на рыбалку и поймал много рыбы. 33 . Почему ты не позвонил мне? — Я вернулся домой слишком поздно. 34. Кто видел вчера Елену? — Я. 35. Какие журналы он хотел показать мне? — Я не знаю. 36. Вчера весь вечер они обсуждали планы на летний отпуск. 37. Вы работали на этом заводе три года тому назад? 38. Вы просмотрели вчера эти документы? 39. Мы ужинали, когда моя старшая сестра вернулась из университета. 40. Где ты встретил Анну?—Я встретил ее около библиотеки, когда возвращался домой. Кто купил подарок для Джейн? — Ник. 42. Сколько писем вы напечатали вчера? — Двадцать.143. Когда часы пробили двенадцать, мы пошли спать. 44. Я обедал, когда он мне позвонил. 45. Куда ты ходила после занятий? — В универмаг. 46. Когда он вернулся из Лондона?-—Неделю тому назад. 47. Он ведь показал тебе свою новую квартиру? 48. Дождь шел с пяти до семи. 49. Петр просматривал газеты, в то время как Аня смотрела телепередачу 50. Ты переводил статью весь вечер, не так ли?—Да, статья довольно трудная, и мне пришлось многие слова смотреть по словарю. 51. Когда я пришел, машинистка все еще печатала мои документы. 52. В прошлом году было много снега?—Да. 53. Когда вы получили это письмо? — Вчера утром. 54. Погода была хорошая, и дети попросили меня повести юс в парк.,55. На уроке английского языка преподаватель задавал вопросы, а мы отвечали на них. 56. Я прочитал изложение сестры. В нем было несколько ошибок. 57. Где вы его видели на прошлой неделе? — Мы видели его в театре. 58. Кто навестил вас вчера? — Друзья моего сына. 59. Где ты была сегодня после обеда? Я приходила к тебе, но тебя не было дома. 60. В котором часу ты сегодня обедал? — Я обедал в два. 61. Он пожал мне руку и пожелал успеха в работе.
1 didn’t hear, was sleeping 2 was shining, was blowing, were singing 3 were arguing, walked 4 got, opened, found 5 was climbing, tripped, fell, didn’t hurt 6 was reading, fell, closed, tiptoed 7 enjoyed, was snowing, was shining, were shovelling, was lying 8 finally found, was already, were busily talking, were speaking, were conversing, sounded, were just sitting, chose, sat, walked, stopped 9 arrived, was having, apologized, lunched 10 always wore, carried 11 shared, was always complaining/always complained 12 realized, was travelling 13 was playing, threw 14 was just opening, blew 15 was opening, heard, put, crawled 16 were playing, heard, hid, took 17 didn’t allow, Was blowing IB was making, was saying 19 was standing, was waiting 20 heard, went, opened, didn’t recognize, wasn’t wearing 21 were dancing, • broke, stole 22 was always buying 23 told, was spending/spent, listened 24 woke, got, went, bought, had, was usually grazing, didn’t chase, made, was crossing, went, annoyed, began, was carrying, was raining, threw, ran, stopped, began, was doing 25 did you interrupt, was having 26 were walking, heard, turned, held, stopped 27 was making, felt, brought, was able 28 saw, were you using, was using, were you riding 29 did you damage, ran, were driving, were going 30 was just writing, remembered, had 31 said, was building, thought 32 did you lend, was still reading, didn’t know, you were still reading 33 did you hear, said, wasn’t listening, was thinking 34 weren’t you, was waiting 35 was she wearing 36 did you break, slipped, was crossing 37 decided, chose, looked, were getting, was mixing, was washing, were, asked, was doing, replied, was going, went, knew, were looking, began, found, were, were waiting, remembered, had, started, was telephoning, did, came, grumbled, was always telephoning, retorted, was always complaining, worked, were starting, rang, was, wanted, was playing, stayed, went, left, returned, came, wasted, said, thought,
was just climbing, rang, said, got, went, opened, was, was coming, was arriving 38 didn’t get, were having, rang, said, were making, pointed out, was, had 39 did you do, got, worked, did you stay, stayed, left, went, became 40 did you break, fell, was putting, was, was, was going, didn’t go, cancelled, spent 41. looked, said, was leaving and going, said, was, was going, told, was getting on 42 was running, struck 43 was snowing, woke, remembered, was coming, decided, lost 44. was, was, was raining, was getting, heard, looked, noticed, was turning, rushed, turned, asked 45 introduced, shook, smiled 46 hurt, cut
Exercise II, p. 40
1. It was raining hard yesterday evening, so we couldn’t go to the stadium. 2. I didn’t expect to meet you here. When did you come? 3. I missed the 10 o’clock train so I had to wait for the next one the whole hour. 4. We misunderstood each other. I was waiting for him inside the university, while he was waiting for me outside. 5. The stewardess asked the passengers to fasten seat belts, as the plane was landing. 6. Were you at home yesterday evening? — No, I went to the theatre. I enjoyed the performance. The acting was superb. 7. When were you on holiday last? — Last winter. — How did you spend it? — Very well. I went skiing and skating. 8. When you phoned yesterday, I was busy. I was translating our new contract. 9. I was late for my English class yesterday. When I came, the students were writing a composition. 10. Ann swept the floor, washed up the dishes and began to do her homework.
Yesterday we swam, lay in the sun, went boating, played tennis. We had a lot of fun. 12. Was it raining when you left home? 13. He was walking downstairs, when I saw him. 14. Who were you talking to when I met you in the corridor? 15. What were you doing when I rang you up yesterday evening?—I was making supper. 16. Were you at home at 5 о’clock yesterday? — No, I was at the university. I was taking my exam in Grammar at that time. 17. While I was looking for the keys in the sitting-room, my wife was looking for them in the dining-room. 18. She was constantly breaking the dishes. 19. She was always complaining. 20. Why weren’t you at the meeting yesterday? — I had to meet my sister at the station. When did you see him last? — A week ago in the library. While I was making dinner, my husband was repairing the car. 23. When did you last write to your parents? — A month ago..24. We lived in Moscow for ten years, then we moved to Minsk. 25. When I entered the hall, the students were still discussing the first report. 26. The boy was fishing, when he fell down into the water. 27. Five years ago I used to get up early. 28. A week ago I lost my glasses, but two days later I found them. 29. It was a fine summer day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing. 30. He was very busy, when I saw him, because he was going away on business on the next day. 31. Why were you so angry with him? 32. Last Saturday my father went fishing and caught a lot of fish. 33. Why didn’t you phone me? — I came home too late. 34. Who saw Helen yesterday? — I did. 35. What journals did he want to show me? — I don’t know. 36. The whole evening yesterday they were discussing their plans for summer holidays. 37. Did you work at this plant three years ago? 38. Did you look through the documents yesterday? 39. We were having . supper when my elder sister returned from the university. 40. Where did you meet Ann? — I met her outside the library when I was going home. 41. Who bought the present for Jane? — Nick did. 42. How many letters did you type yesterday?—Twenty. 43. When the clock struck twelve, we went to bed. 44. I was having dinner when he called me. 45. Where did you go after our classes? — To the department store. 46. When did he come back from London? -— A week ago. 47. He showed you his new flat, didn’t he? 48 .It was raining from five to seven. 49. Peter was looking through the newspapers, while Ann was watching television. 50. You were translating the article the whole evening, weren’t you? -— Yes, the article was rather difficult and I had to look up many words in the dictionary. 51. When I came, the typist was still typing my documents. 52. Was there much snow last year? — Yes, there was.'53. When did you get this letter? — Yesterday morning. 54. The weather was nice, and the children asked me to take them to the park. 55. At our English lesson the teacher asked questions and we answered them. 56. I read my sister’s composition. There were some mistakes in it. 57. Where did you see him last week? — We saw him at the theatre. 58. Who visited you yesterday? — My son’s friends. 59. Where were you this afternoon? I came to see you, but you weren’t at home. 60. What time did you have dinner today? — At two о’clock. 61. He shook my hand and wished me success in my work.