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Упражнения Пассивный Залог.

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Ex. 2. Turn the following active constructions into passive omitting all
Mention of the agent of the action:
1 No one has made any mistakes.
2. What do you call it?

 

3. They asked us to stay a little longer.
4. One expects him to obey the regulations.
5. People have made great progress in physics.
6. They are discussing the possibility of new negotiations.
7. Everybody thought that Jack was clever but lazy.
8. People use coal for making artificial materials.
9. People say it is difficult.
10. What books are people reading this year?
11. They elected him President of the Club last year.
12. They are rehearsing a new play at the National Theatre.
13. Someone found the children in the morning.
14. Nobody has ever treated me with such kindness.
15. He knew that they had sent the invitations out two weeks earlier.
16. They can arrange all things.
17. People expect you to meet the chief.
18. Are they sending for you?
19. They have always passed his telephone calls through to the Minister without questions.
20. They never took any major decision without his knowledge or advice.
21. I knew that they had told him of the meeting at once.
22.The trouble started when they told me to change the way we were running this department.
23.There was a tear in his trousers which someone had already darned.
24. In his circle they looked on the police as enemies.
25.They took the child to the hospital for the poor.
26. Ever since I started asking questions about my sister they have lied to me.
27. I’m sure they will look better after him in an army hospital.
28. When the situation called for a lie, he lied firmly and well.
29. No one has ever beaten my brother at tennis.
30. They gave his little daughter a present, too.
31. They will show the visitors all the new pictures.
32. They promised the workers higher wages.
33.The others told the new pupils where to sit.
34. We must look into the matter.
35. They gave me two shillings change at the shop.
 
 
2. Supply the required passive forms of the verbs in brackets:
 
1. Aunt Dinah (not to like) by my father's family; she (to consider) vulgar.
2. After his brother’s departure Paul sat for a long time thinking about what {to say).
3. “I’m not prepared,” my father said, “to listen to your suggestions that you never (to treat) fairly at school.”
4. In the drawing-room the music of Mozart (to play) by an orchestra seen on the screen.
5. “Remember I (to pay) by the hour,” grumbled the driver.
6. But there were signs that order (fo restore) in the town.
7. I (to receive) by one of the chiefs and (io take) for lunch to the canteen.
8. Well, what (to do) about it, Ted?
9. He went into the bedroom. The bed (to turn) down for the night by the maid many hours before.
10. I said we yet (not to teach) anything.
11. Please find out if your father (to see) to leave.
12. She could have gone to Cambridge if she had wanted, she (to offer) a scholarship.
13. He arrived just after the electricity (to cut), and Joseph was lighting the oil-lamps.
14.On Friday she (fogive) two weeks notice at the Works.
15.Then the voice announced that the passengers (to beg) to pass through the Customs.
16. I wondered to what extent she (to influence) by his name to accept the offer.
17. Meg (to look) upon as the perfect wife for a clergyman.
18. Such are the matters that (to deal) with in Mr Gimson’s book.
19. He (to see) entering the school building just when the first student (to call) upon to read aloud from Beowulf.
20. Ahead of us the port lay in a flood of lights. Two cargo-ships (to unload).
21. I found the idea of going to Hereford very upsetting because I (to promise) a very nice job a couple of weeks before.
22. Not far away she noticed the film manager in whose office she once (to make) to feel so ridiculous.
23. “You must be very prosperous, Eustace, to own a car like that.” “This car (to lend) me by an American woman.”
24. I felt I (to catch) out boasting.
25. I could not tell him that I had spent the money I (Jo leave) ift order to get myself a house.
26. After lunch, we heard that Charles (to send) for.
27. She (to operate) on at seven o’clock next morning.
28. Their engagement (to announce) and a number of parties (£o give) for the young couple.
29. I said, “Our dog (to run) over, but we’re going to have агь other.”
30. The days that followed afterward (to look) back on by Philip as a kind of nightmare.
31. The scene (to put) an end to abruptly by the arrival of their father.
32. I discovered that a similar message (to send) to my office.
33. After the two women (to show) over the house they (to take) for a walk round the garden.
34. Our garden was all weeds, but the one next door (to look) after to perfection.
35. You have hardly any right to talk to me about the children. They (to see) to all right, and it will be me that sees to them, not you.
36. Somewhere from far away in the town came the sound of shots. “Somebody (io kill),” I said.
37. Joe (to try) and (to sentence) to five years in New Caledonia.
38. He watched Jack while the film (to run).
39. The boy who put a frog in the teacher’s desk (to ask) to return the frog to the pool.
40. Our ability to use English subtly or precisely continually (to interfere) with by our need to use language simply and imprecisely for everyday purposes.
 
Keys:
 
Ex. 3.
1. was not liked, was considered
2. had been said.
3. have ... been treated
4. was being played
5. am paid
6. was being restored
7. was received, (was) taken '
8. is being done (has been done)
9. had been turned
10. hadn’t ... been taught
11. has been seen
12. had been offered
13. had been cut
14. was given
15. were begged
16. had been influenced
17. was looked
18. are dealt
19. was seen, was called
20. were being unloaded
21. had been promised
22. had ... been made
23. is lent
24. had been caught
25. had been left
26. had been sent
27. was (would be) operated
28. was announced, were given
29. was run
30. were ... looked
31. was put
32. had been sent
33. had been shown, were taken
34. had been looked (was being looked)
35. will be seen
36. is being killed (has been killed)
37. was tried, (was) sentenced
38. was (being) run
39. was asked
40. is ... being interfered