I do not walk.
Do I walk?
|He walks. |
|He does not walk. |
She does not walk.
It does not walk.
|Does he walk? |
Does she walk?
Does it walk?
|We walk. |
|We do not walk. |
You do not walk.
They do not walk.
|Do we walk? |
Do you walk?
Do they walk?
1) When the actions take place regularly, every day.
• We get to work at 7 o’clock every morning.
• Each June my mum, Liz and I drive to seaside.
2) Habitual actions:
• Mike smokes fifteen cigarettes every two days.
• She goes in for jogging every morning and evening.
3) Permanent situation, events, fact.
• I live in Brest.
• She is a doctor.
4)Present Simple is with performative verbs (they perform the action they describe) such as:
Admit-признаваться, принимать, допускать
Apologise- принести извинения
• She admits she can’t drive a car as well as she used to (= an admission)
• He refuses to believe that I didn’t know his trucks were stolen.
The performative verbs are used with the modal verbs making the sentences more polite and tentative.
5) Present Simple is used instead of Present Continuous with the stative verbs:
Belong to- принадлежать
Love-любить, обожать (о неодуш. предметах)
Own-иметь что-то в собственность
Resemble-быть похожим на кого-то
Smell-иметь запах, пахнуть
• She disagrees with you.
• We own this Cottage.
6) Timetable, plans (prearrange events, programs) for transport, museums, concerts, shops and • The train leaves for Brest tomorrow at midnight.
• The Department Store opens at 9 o’clock in the morning.
• The concert starts at 19 pm.
7) Present Simple is used to report or retell what you have heard or seen:
• This magazine article says what has happened in our country recently.
8) When we offer smth to do in the constriction like:
• Why don’t you join us?
• Why doesn’t Nina give up telling a lie?
9) Report sport, give commentaries to sport events, give commentaries to sport events:
• Cocher serves the ball to Michael.
10) Present Simple is used when you tell stories, jokes and fairy tales.
• The Englishman walks the streets of Paris suddenly he sees …
11) Chain of events.
• I go to my work, change my clothes, get down to work…
12) Present Simple is used instead of Present Continuous with the dynamic verbs (to write, to read, to speak and est) which are taking place now (at the moment of speaking), they are not taken as process, but as a common idea.
• “I give up”- she said. – Ясдаюсь
• She leaves him no choice - Она ему не оставляет выбора.
13) Instruction, receipt:
• Victor! When you get up, have breakfast and don’t forget to wash the dishes.
14) Proverbs, sayings:
• You can’t kill two birds with one stone.
15) In questions connected with near future:
• What do we do next?
• When do we get out of here?
16) In phrases like:
I gather/hear/see/understand (to introduce the news).
I gather you’re worried about your new job.
17) Universal truth (the laws of nature, physics, chemistry,)
• Summer follows Spring
The words that go with Present Simple:
Always, seldom, never, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, occasionally, from time to time, every time, every day, twice a week, in the morning (afternoon, evening)