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A Man of Destiny. Lesson 7

A man of destiny
Unit Six

 THE MAN OF DESTINY

√ SPEECH PATTERNS

√ Exercises with the Speech Patterns
√ Paraphrase the following using the Speech Patterns
√ Complete the answers
√ Translate into English using the Speech Patterns
√ THE MAN OF DESTINY reading

 

1. You tricked that blockhead out of them.

 

George always managed to trick Tom out of some money.

At the market I was cheated out of three roubles.

 

2. I am not to be trifled with.

 

I am not to be shouted at.
He is not to be interfered with.

She is not to be laughed at.

 

3. Lady (giving way to her temper).
Never give way to your despair.

She gave way to her tears.
Don't give way to panic. 

 

4. Who are you that you should presume to speak to me in that coarse way?

 

Who are you that you should shout at me?

Who is she that we should wait for her?

Who is he that he should order us about?

 

5. The moment he takes them, she hurries across to the other side of the room.

 

The moment he saw Jane, he rushed to her.

The moment she turns up, send for me.
The moment you need me, I'll come.

 

6. It will cost you nothing to give it to me.

 

It cost him a lot of trouble to help us.
It required me much effort to move the furniture.

It will take you little time to do the job.

 

7. It has been sent to you out of sheer malice.

 

I did it out of despair.
She acted out of fear.
He contradicted her out of sheer spite.

 

8. Then why not send it to her husband?

 

Why not go there at once?

Why not open the window?

Why not tell her the truth?

 

EXERCISES

 

1. Complete the following sentences using the Speech Patterns:

 

1. Why did you give Ann the tickets? — She tricked .... 2. It was only when I came home that I noticed that I had been .... 3. Why on
earth are you shouting? I'm not ... . 4. It's no concern of yours. I'm not... . 5. She was making every effort not.... 6. It was the first time he ... . 7. She must have realized she was wrong. She just stuck to her point ... . 8. She isn't really interested in my affairs. She asked ... . 9. You're in no condition to speak to her now. Why not ...? 10. It's a splendid opportunity for us to get together. Why not...?

 

2. Suggest the beginning matching the end using the Speech Patterns:

 

1. ... that you should shout at me? 2. ... that he should interfere in my affairs? 3. ... I’m free, I'll let you know. 4. ... he comes, tell him I'm in the library. 5. ... an hour or so to do the job. 6. ... about 2,000 roubles.

 

3. Paraphrase the following using the Speech Patterns:

 

1. She made me give her the letter saying that she already had your permission to read it. 2. It was the first time he lost his temper with her. 3. She hated crying in public. 4. Why does she think that she can keep everyone waiting? 5. Why does he think that everyone should always stand up for him? 6. As soon as he stirred, the dog growled. 7. As soon as George started playing the banjo, Montmorency began howling. 8. I should never have thought you'd be so long about answering my letter. 9. One must have skill to make a fire in the rain. 10. I did it because I was sorry for her.
11. You needn't stay just to be polite. I'll be perfectly all right alone. 12. Don't you think you should be frank if you want my advice? 13. You can always sell your piano if you don't really need it.

 

4. Complete the answers:

 

1. Why do you dislike Jim so much? — He's dishonest. He can easily ... . 2. Are you still angry with her? — I am. She ... . 3. What did she answer I wonder? —. She didn't... . 4. Did the girl cry when she fell? — She didn't ... . 5. Shall we go and help him? — No, he said he was not... . 6. I'm at my wits' end what to do. — Oh, come, don't ... . 7. Do you think he'll take the news calmly? — Oh, no, he's sure ... . 8. Why didn't you tell Janet that you disapproved of her decision? — How could I? Who do you think I ... ? 9. Who are we waiting for now? — Jane. She ... . 10. I'm afraid I shan't manage to drop in on her. — But you live next door to her. It .... 11. Shall I wait for you? — If you will. It'll ... . 12. Why won't you come? She invited you, didn't she? — She did, but it was only ... .

 

5. Make up two sentences of your own on each pattern.

 

6. Translate into English using the Speech Patterns:

 

Однажды Алек заявил, что в воскресенье мы идем на лыжах. «Мы слишком много торчим дома, — сказал он. — Почему бы не пробежать километров десять-пятнадцать по лесу? Это не отнимет у нас много времени, зато всю неделю будем хорошо себя чувствовать».
Когда в точно назначенное время я пришла на вокзал, я увидела на платформе несколько человек, ожидавших поезд, но Алека среди них не было. «Мало ли что могло его задержать», — подумала я и решила немного подождать.
Ветер пронизывал меня до костей, и вскоре я начала злиться. «Кто он такой, что я должна его ждать?» Но как раз в тот момент, когда я уже собралась уходить, появился Алек с опозданием на 10 минут и не очень вразумительно стал говорить что-то о часах, которые он забыл завести. Я не удержалась и сказала ему, что я о нем думаю. В конце концов я не из тех, с кем можно так поступать.
Мы все-таки поехали, но настроение было испорчено у обоих.
Когда мы сошли с поезда на маленькой станции, мы отправились в лес: я впереди, Алек за мной. Он сказал, что так у меня не будет возможности отстать.
Всю ночь шел снег, и лыжни еще никто не проложил. Мне было трудно идти первой, и я сказала: «Почему бы нам не поменяться местами? Тебе не придется прилагать столько усилий, чтобы идти впереди, ты же хороший лыжник». Но Алек не захотел. «Это он со злости», — подумала я. Но когда через несколько минут я оглянулась, то к моему великому удивлению, увидела, что он тащится где-то‘позади, явно не в состоянии держаться со мной наравне.
Все стало ясно: он просто не умел ходить на лыжах. Я очень пожа-лела, что поехала с ним. Дело не в том, что он оказался плохим лыж-ником. Он был лгун и хвастун. А с этим я не могла смириться.

 

7. Make up and act out in front of the class a suitable dialogue using the Speech Patterns.

 

 

TEXT SIX

THE MAN OF DESTINY

 

By G.B.Shaw


"George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), a prominent playwright, was born of an im­poverished middle-class family in Dublin where he attended a college. In 1876 he started working as a journalist in London. He became a socialist in 1882 and in 1884 joined the Fabian Society, an organization of petty bourgeois intellectuals.

In 1879 G.В.Shaw took up writing plays, in which he criticized the vices of bour­geois society.

Bernard Shaw is famous for his brilliant dialogues, full of witty paradoxes and often bitterly satirical.

In his play The Man of Destiny ' (1895) he depicts Napoleon as a practical business-like man who makes his career at the cost of human lives.

Bernard Shaw was a friend of the Soviet Union which he visited in 1931.


A little inn in North Italy. Napoleon has just put under arrest the lieutenant who arrived without the letters and dispatches he had been sent for, saying that an unknown youth had tricked him out of them.

The Lady's voice (outside, as before): Giuseppe!

Lieutenant (petrified): What was that?

Giuseppe: Only a lady upstairs, lieutenant, calling me.

Lieutenant: Lady! It's his voice, I tell you.

The Strange Lady steps in. She is tall and extraordinarily grace­ful with a delicately intelligent face: character in the chin: all keen, refined, and original. She's very feminine, but by no means weak.

Lieutenant: So I've got you, my lad. So you've disguised yourself, have you? [In a voice of thunder, seizing her wrist.) Take off that skirt.

Lady (affrighted, but highly indignant at his having dared to touch her)'.Gentleman: I appeal to you (To Napoleon.) You, sir, are an officer: a general. You will protect me, will you not?

Lieutenant: Never you mind him, General. Leave me to deal with him.

Napoleon: With him! With whom, sir? Why do you treat this lady in such a fashion?

Lieutenant: Lady! He's a man! the man I shewed2 my confi­dence in. (Raising his sword.) Here, you —

Lady (running behind Napoleon and in her agitation clasping to her breast the arm which he extends before her as a fortification): Oh, thank you, General. Keep him away.

Napoleon: Nonsense, sir. This is certainly a lady and you are under arrest. Put down your sword, sir, instantly. I order you to leave the room.

Giuseppe (discreetly): Come, lieutenant. (He opens the door and follows the lieutenant.)

Lady: How can I thank you, General, for your protection?

Napoleon (turning on her suddenly): My despatches: come! (He puts out his hand for them.)

Lady: General! She (involuntarily puts her hands on her fichu 3 as if to protect something there.)

Napoleon: You tricked that blockhead out of them. You dis­guised yourself as a man. I want my despatches. They are there in the bosom of your dress under your hands.

Lady (quickly removing her hands) : Oh, how unkindly you are speaking to me! (She takes her handkerchief from her fichu.)You frighten me. (She touches her eyes as if to wipe away a tear.)

Napoleon: I see you don't know me, madam, or you would save yourself the trouble of pretending to cry.

Lady (producing an effect of smiling through her tears): Yes, I do know you. You are the famous General Buonaparte.4

Napoleon (angrily):The papers, if you please.

Lady: But I assure you — (He snatches the handkerchief rudely.) General! (Indignantly.)

Napoleon (taking the other handkerchief from his breast): You lent one of your handkerchiefs to my lieutenant when you robbed him. (He looks at the two handkerchiefs.)They match one another. (He smells them.) The same scent. (He flings them down on the table.)I am waiting for my despatches. I shall take them, if necessary, with as little ceremony as I took the handkerchief.

Lady (in dignified reproof):General: do you threaten women?

Napoleon (bluntly): Yes. (Holding out his hand.) Yes: I am waiting for them.

Lady: General: I only want to keep one little private letter. Only one. Let me have it.

Napoleon (cold and stern): Is that a reasonable demand, madam?

Lady (relaxed by his not refusing point blank): No, but that is why you must grant it. Are your own demands reasonable? thousands of lives for the sake of your victories, your ambitions, your destiny! And what I ask is such a little thing. And I am only a weak woman, and you a brave man. What is the secret of your power? Only that you believe in yourself. You can fight and conquer for yourself and for nobody else. You are not afraid of your own destiny. You teach us what we all might be if we had the will and courage: and that (suddenly sinking on knees before him)is why we all begin to worship you. (She kisses his hands.)

Napoleon (embarrassed): Tut! Tut! 5 Pray rise, madam.

Lady: My Emperor!

Napoleon (overcome, raising her): Pray! pray! No, no: this is folly. Come: be calm, be calm. (Pettingher.)There! there! my girl.

Lady (struggling with happy tears): Yes, I know it is an impertinence in me to tell you what you must know far better than I do. But you are not angry with me, are you?

Napoleon: Angry! No, no: not a bit. Come: you are a very clever and sensible and interesting woman. (He pats her on the cheek.) Shall we be friends?

Lady (enraptured): Your friend! You will let me be your friend! Oh! (She offers him both her hands with a radiant smile.) You see: I shew my confidence in you.

This incautious echo of the lieutenant undoes her.

Napoleon starts; his eyes flash; he utters a yell of rage.

Napoleon: What!!!

Lady: What's the matter?

Napoleon: Shew your confidence in me! So that I may shew my confidence in you in return by letting you give me the slip with the despatches, eh? Dalila, Dalila,6 you have been trying your tricks on me; and I have been as gross a gull as my jackass of a lieu­tenant. (Menacingly.) Come: the despatches. Quick: I am not to be trifled with now.

Lady (flying round the couch): General —

Napoleon: Quick, I tell you.

Lady (at bay, confronting him and giving way to her temper): You dare address me in that tone.

Napoleon: Dare!

Lady: Yes, dare. Who are you that you should presume to speak to me in that coarse way? Oh, the vile, vulgar Corsican ad­venturer comes out in you very easily.

Napoleon (beside himself):You she-devil! (Savagely.) Once more, and only once, will you give me those papers or shall I tear them from you? — by force!

Lady: Tear them from me: by force!

The Lady without speaking, stands upright, and takes a packet of papers from her bosom. She hands them politely to Napoleon. The moment he takes them, she hurries across to the other side of the room; sits down and covers her face with her hands.

Napoleon (gloating over the papers):Aha! That's right. (Be­fore he opens them, he looks at her and says.)Excuse me. (He sees that she is hiding her face.)Very angry with me, eh? (He unties the packet, the seal of which is already broken, and puts it on the table to examine its contents.)

Lady (quietly, taking down her hands and shewing that she is not crying, but only thinking): No. You were right. But I am sorry for you.

Napoleon (pausing in the act of taking the uppermost paper from the packet): Sorry for me! Why?

Lady: I am going to see you lose your honor.

Napoleon: Hm! Nothing worse than that? (He takes up the paper.)

Lady: And your happiness.

Napoleon: Happiness! Happiness is the most tedious thing in the world to me. Should I be what I am if I cared for happiness. Anything else?

Lady: Nothing.

Napoleon: Good.

Lady: Except that you will cut a very foolish figure in the eyes of France.

Napoleon (quickly): What? (He throws the letter down and breaks out into a torrent of scolding.)What do you mean? Eh? Are you at your tricks again? Do you think I don't know what these papers contain? I'll tell you. First, my information as to Beau­lieu's 7 retreat. You are one of his spies: he has discovered that he had been betrayed, and has sent you to intercept the information. As if that could save him from me, the old fool! The other papers are only my private letters from Paris, of which you know nothing.

Lady (prompt and business-like):General: let us make § fair di­vision. Take the information your spies have sent you about the Austrian army; and give me the Paris correspondence. That will content me.

Napoleon (his breath taken away by the coolness of her pro­posal):A fair di — (he gasps) .It seems to me, madam, that you have come to regard my letters as your own property, of which I am try­ing to rob you.

Lady (earnestly): No: on my honor I ask for no letter of yours: not a word that has been written by you or to you. That packet con­tains a stolen letter: a letter written by a woman to a man: a man not her husband: a letter that means disgrace, infamy —

Napоleоn: A love letter?

Lady (bitter-sweetly): What else but a love letter could stir up so much hate?

Napoleon: Why is it sent to me? To put the husband in my power?

Lady: No, no: it can be of no use to you: I swear that it will cost you nothing to give it to me. It has been sent to you out of sheer malice: solely to injure the woman who wrote it.

Napoleon: Then why not send it to her husband instead of to me?

Lady (completely taken aback):Oh! {Sinking back into the chair.) I — I don't know. (She breaks down.)

Napoleon: Aha! I thought so: a little romance to get the pa­pers back. Per Bacco,81 can’t help admiring you. I wish I could lie like that. It would save me a great deal of trouble.

Lady (wringing her hands) : Oh how I wish I really had told you some lie! You would have believed me then. The truth is the one thing nobody will believe.

Napoleon (with coarse familiarity):Capital! Capital! Come: I am a true Corsican in my love for stories. But I could tell them better than you if I set my mind to it. Next time you are asked why a letter compromising a wife should not be sent to her husband, an­swer simply that the husband wouldn't read it. Do you suppose, you goose, that a man wants to be compelled by public opinion to make a scene, to fight a duel, to break up his household, to injure his career by a scandal, when he can avoid it all by taking care not to know?

Lady (revolted):Suppose that packet contained a letter about your own wife?

Napoleon(offended):You are impertinent, madam.

Lady (humbly):I beg your pardon. Caesar's wife is above sus­picion.9

Napoleon: You have committed an indiscretion. I pardon you. In future, do not permit yourself to introduce real persons in your romances.

Lady: General: there really is a woman's letter there. (Pointing to the packet.)Give it to me.

Napoleon: Why?

Lady: She is an old friend: we were at school together. She has written to me imploring me to prevent the letter falling into your hands.

N a p о l e о n: Why has it been sent to me?

Lady: Because it compromises the director Barras! 10

Napoleon (frowning, evidently startled):Barras! (Haughtily.) Take care, madam. The director Barras is my attached personal friend.

Lady (nodding placidly):Yes. You became friends through your wife.

Napoleon: Again! Have I not forbidden you to speak of my wife? Barras? Barras? (Very threateningly, his face darkening.) Take care. Take care: do you hear? You may go too far.

Lady (innocently turning her face to him):What's the matter?

Napoleon: What are you hinting at? Who is this woman?

Lady (meeting his angry searching gaze with tranquil indiffer­ence as she sits looking up at him):A vain, silly, extravagant crea­ture, with a very able and ambitious husband who knows her through and through: knows that she had lied to him about her age, her income, her social position, about everything that sil­ly women lie about: knows that she is incapable of fidelity to any principle or any person; and yet cannot help loving her — cannot help his man's instinct to make use of her for his own advance­ment with Barras.

N a p о l e о n (in a stealthy coldly furious whisper):This is your revenge, you she-cat, for having had to give me the letters.

Lady: Nonsense! Or do you mean that you are that sort of man?

Napoleon (exasperated, clasps his hands behind him, his fingers twitching, and says, as he walks irritably away from her to the fireplace):This woman will drive me out of my senses. (To her.)Be­gone."

Lady (springing up with a bright flush in her cheeks):Oh, you are too bad. Keep your letters. Read the story of your own disho­nour in them; and much good may they do you. Goodbye. (She goes indignantly towards the inner door.)


EXPLANATORY NOTES

1. The Man of Destiny: Napoleon regarded himself as an instrument in the hands of destiny.

2. shew, shewed: show, showed — in standard English.

3. fichu (Fr.) [fi'ju:]: woman's triangular shawl of lace for shoulders and neck.

4. Buonaparte: Bonaparte ['ˈboʊnəˌpɑrt].

5. Tut! Tut! [tAt]: an exclamation of contempt, impatience or annoyance.

6. Dalila [di'laib]: a biblical name used as a symbol of a treacherous, faithless woman.

7. Beaulieu Jean Pirre ['bjili]: Commander-in-chief of the Austrian army in Italy defeated in 1796 by Napoleon.

8. Per Bacco (Lat.): I swear by god. Bacchus: in Greek and Roman mythology god of wine and revelry.

9. Caesar's wife is above suspicion: the words ascribed to Julius Caesar [siːzər],

10. Barras Paul: a reactionary politician, a member of the Directory which governed France at that time.

11. Begone: go away.

 

 

ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY

 

Vocabulary Notes

 

1character n 1) mental or moral nature, e. g. He is a man of fine (strong, weak, independent) character. In order to know a person's character we must know how he thinks, feels and acts. They differ in character. 2) the qualities that make a thing what it is, as the character of the work, soil, climate, etc.: 3) moral strength, e. g. He is a man of character. Character- building is not an easy thing. 4) a person in a play or novel, as the characters in the novel; good (bad, important) characters, e. g. Many characters of the novel are real people, others are fictional. 5) a person who does something unusual, e. g. He's quite a character. 6) a description of a person's abilities, e. g. He came to our office with a good character.

 

characteristic adj showing the character of a thing, as the characteristic enthusiasm of the youth, e. g. It's characteristic of her.

 

characterize vt to show the character of, e. g. His work is characterized by lack of attention to detail. The camel is characterized by an ability to go for many days without water.

 

2. threat n 1) a statement of an intention to punish or hurt, e. g. Nobody is afraid of your threats. 2) a sign or warning of coming trouble, danger, etc., e. g. There was a threat of rain in the dark sky.

 

threaten vt/i1) to give warning of, e. g. The clouds threatened rain.
2. to seem likely to come or occur, e. g. He was unconscious of the danger that threatened him. 3) to use threats towards; to threaten to do smth., e. g. Andrew threatened to report the incident to the authorities, to threaten smb. with smth., e. g. The criminal threatened his enemy with death.

 

threatening adj full of threat, as a threatening attitude (voice); to give smb. a threatening look.

 

3. sink (sank, sunk) vi/t 1) to go slowly downward; to go below the horizon or under the surface of water, e. g. The sun was sinking in the west. Wood does not sink in water. The ship sank. The drowning man sank like a stone. 2) to become lower or weaker, e. g. My spirits sank. Having displayed his cowardice, he sank in our estimation. 3) to fall; to allow oneself to fall, e. g. He sank to the ground wounded. She sank into the chair and burst into tears.

 

sink n a basin with a drain, usually under a water tap in a kitchen, e. g. Put the dirty dishes into the kitchen sink and ask your sister to help you to wash up.

 

4. sense n 1) any of the special faculties of the body, e. g. The five senses are sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch. 2) a feeling, understanding, as a sense of duty (humour, beauty, proportion, time, security, danger, pain, cold, etc.), e. g. He has a strong sense of duty. 3) pi. a normal, ordinary state of mind, as in one's right senses, ant. to be out of one's senses to be insane, e. g. Are you out of your senses that you talk such nonsense? 4) intelligence; practical wisdom, e. g. He is a man of sense. He has plenty of sense (common sense). There is a lot of sense in what he says. There is no sense in doing it. What's the sense of doing that? 5) a meaning, e. g. in a strict (literal, figurative, good, bad) sense, e. g. This word cannot be used in this sense, to make sense to have a meaning that can be understood, e. д.I cannot make sense of what he is saying, ant. to make no sense., e. g. It makes no sense.

 

sensitive adj easily hurt, as to have a sensitive skin; to be sensitive to pain (other people's suffering, blame, criticism); to be sensitive about one's physical defects. 

 

sensible adj reasonable, as a sensible fellow (idea, suggestion), e. g. That was very sensible of you.

 

5. cautious adj careful, e. g. A cautious thinker does not believe things without proof. Be cautious when crossing a busy street, ant.careless, indiscreet.

 

caution n carefulness, e. g. When you cross a busy street you should use caution.

 

caution vt (against) to give a caution to, e. g. The teacher cautioned us against being late.

 

precaution n a measure to avoid risk or to bring success, e. g. They took precautions against the flood.

 

6. slip vt/i 1) to slide, to glide; to escape from, e. g. The tablecloth slipped off the table. The fish slipped out of his hands. 2) to lose one's balance, e. g. She slipped and would have fallen if I had not steadied her.
3) to forget, e. g. The name has slipped my attention (my «memory, my mind). 4) to go unnoticed, quickly or quietly, e. g. He slipped out of the house noticed. She slipped away for half an hour or so. Happiness slipped by me. 5) to make a careless mistake, e. g. He slips in his grammar.

6) to pull on or off quickly, e. g. He hurriedly slipped on (off) his clothes. 7) to put into, e. g. She slipped the letter into an envelope and sealed it. 

 

slip n 1) a narrow strip of paper, e. g. May I use this slip of paper to mark a page? 2) fault, a slight mistake in speech, writing or conduct, as a slip of the tongue; a slip of the pen; 3) a sudden slide; to give smb. the slip to avoid him or escape from him. slippery adj so smooth (wet or polished) that it is hard to stand on, e. g. It's so slippery today, please be careful! slippers n pi. shoes for indoor wear.

 

7 bitter adj sharp; tasting like quinine; painful; severe, as bitter words (complaints, disappointment); a bitter smile (remark, wind, enemy), e. g. Her lips twisted into a bitter smile. A bitter wind beat into the face. 

bitterly adv 1) with bitterness, e. g. He laughed bitterly. "How could you be so blind?" she said bitterly. 2) very, e. g. It was bitterly cold. syn. bitter (colloq.), e. g. It was bitter cold.
8. stir vt/i 1) (vt) to move around, esp. with a spoon; mix thoroughly, as to stir tea (coffee, porridge); 2) (vt) to cause to move, e. g. The wind stirred the leaves, not to stir a finger to make no effort to help, e. g. What kind of friend is he? He wouldn't stir a finger to help me. not to stir an eyelid to show no surprise or alarm, e. g. It's amazing how calmly Ruth took the news: she did not stir an eyelid. 3) (vf) to move, to be in motion, e. g. It was so still, not a leaf stirred. Nobody stirred in the house.
9. injure vt to hurt; to do harm or damage to, as to injure one's health (part of the body, smb.'s feelings, reputation, etc.); to injure smth. accidentally (badly, seriously, slightly, etc.);

 

to be injured in an accident (in a fire, in the war, etc.).

 

injured adj insulted, hurt, as smb.'s injured pride (feelings, look, tone, voice, etc.).

 

injury n harm, damage, as to receive (suffer) an injury (injuries) to the head, to the back, etc.

 

10. revenge vt/t to pay back evil or injury for, as to revenge an insult (an injustice), e. g. He swore to revenge the insult, to revenge oneself on (upon) a person to inflict injury on another in return for injury done to oneself, e. g. Yago revenged himself on Othello, to be revenged to revenge oneself, e. g. She was revenged but that brought her little satisfaction.

 

revenge n the act of paying back evil for evil; to have/get/take (one's) revenge on (upon) smb. to revenge oneself on (upon) smb., e. g. I'll have my revenge on you for what you did. to do smth. in revenge to injure smb. paying back evil, e. g. Andrew was aware that the man might do much harm in revenge.

 

revengeful adj desiring revenge, as revengeful people.

 

Word Combinations and Phrases

 

to disguise oneself

to be under arrest

to smile through one's tears

to rob smb. of smth.

to fling smth.

to cut a foolish figure

to intercept information

to be taken aback

to refuse pointblank

to break down

to make a scene

to try one's tricks on smb.

to be beside oneself

to go too far
to make use of smb. (or smth.)

 

READING COMPREHENSION EXERCISES

 

2. Put twenty questions to the text.

 

3. Copy out from Text Six the sentences containing the word combinations and phrases given above. Translate them into Russian.

 

4. Paraphrase the following sentences using the word combinations and phrases

 

1. Brown was held as a prisoner for a month. 2. On his first day in New York John's money was stolen and he had no one to turn to for help. 3. Aren't you ashamed of throwing stones at the dog? It hasn't done you any harm, has it? 4. I asked him to join us, but he wouldn't. 5. "No use trying to cheat me. I see you through," said Nick. 6. I found Bret mad with anger, he was evidently in no state to listen to reason. 7. Nothing you say will compel me to do it. 8. You know how proud and touchy he is, he would rather keep in the background than show himself in a ridiculous light. 9. "It was awfully mean of him to seize the letter that was not meant for him," said Janet. 10. Taken unawares, she lost her presence of mind.
11. When she was left alone, her nerve failed her and she cried bit­terly. 12. We evidently can't agree on this point, but why shout in public? 13. That's saying too much, so far we don't know anything for certain. 14. The way Ann is exploiting her sister's kindness is re­ally shameful.

 

5. Translate the following sentences into English using the word combina­tions and phrases:

 

1. Кривз находился под арестом уже месяц, но все еще категорически отказывался давать показания. 2. Из окна вагона Джон видел, как она улыбнулась сквозь слезы и помахала ему рукой. 3. Говорили, что у старого Тима припрятаны денежки и что держит он их у себя дома, недаром же он так боялся, что его дом ограбят. 4. Андрей бросил письмо на стол, но через минуту снова взял его и стал читать.

5.    Не пытайтесь одурачить меня. Из этого все равно ничего не выйдет. 6. Джейн была вне себя, и ей стоило большого труда сдержаться.
7.    Больше всего он боялся показаться смешным. 8. Ребекка прекрасно понимала, что грозит ей, если только ей не удастся перехватить письмо. 9. Неожиданный вопрос так ошеломил Джо, что он сразу же потерял самообладание. 10. Когда старый Джолион ушел, Джун не выдержала и дала волю слезам. 11. После того как миссис Пейдж устроила ему сцену из-за денег, Эндрю твердо решил искать другую работу. 12. «На что вы намекаете? — сказала Норин. — Осторожнее, вы можете зайти слишком далеко». 13. «Вы используете его в своих собственных интересах, а называете это дружбой», — с возмущением сказал Питер.

 

 8.    Find in Text Six equivalents for the following words and phrases and use them in sentences of your own:


womanly; to make an earnest request to smb.; to hold tightly; not to let go near; to face smb. in a hostile way; to stretch out one's hand; to take away; to seize; to be exactly alike; in an impolite manner; a strong desire for fame; to feel respect and admiration for smb.; in a difficult position; to face smb. boldly; to stand in an erect position; to give smb. away to the enemy; loss of good name; not showing respect; obviously frightened.

 

9.    Find in Text Six English equivalents for the following words and phrases and write them out:

 

необычайно изящная; умное лицо; избавиться от необходимости; погладить по щеке; с сияющей улыбкой; самая скучная штука; разразиться потоком брани; поделить что-л. по-честному; задыхаться; заламывать руки; грубо и фамильярно; компрометировать кого-л.; общественное мнение; драться на дуэли; быть выше подозрения; попасть кому-л. в руки; надменно; честолюбивый муж; социальное положение; выведенный из себя.

 

10.    Explain in English what is meant by the following phrases and sentences:

 

1. character in the chin. 2. keen, refined and original. 3. Never you mind him, General. 4. Leave me to deal with him. 5. Producing an effect of smiling through her tears. 6. in dignified reproof. 7.    This incautious echo of the lieutenant undoes her. 8. Dalila, Dalila, you have been trying your tricks on me. 9. The vile, vulgar Corsican adventurer comes out in you very easily. 10. Gloating over the papers. 11. Bitter-sweetly. 12. I am a true Corsican in my love for stories. 13. Caesar's wife is above suspicion. 14. You have committed an indiscretion. 15. You may go too far. 16. Do you mean that you are that sort of man?

 

13.    Give a summary of Text Six.
14.    a) Render the following text in English:
Великий полководец, знаменитый государственный деятель, человек необыкновенной судьбы Наполеон Бонапарт сошел с исторической сцены в июле 1815 года.
Шесть лет после этого на затерянном в океане скалистом острове еще теплилась жизнь человека, пережившего свою славу. Это была растянувшаяся на долгие месяцы агония узника, обреченного на медленную смерть. Английское правительство, на великодушие которого рассчитывал Наполеон, не оправдало его ожиданий. Оно поставило своего пленника в тяжелые и унизительные условия мелочной и придирчивой опеки, отравлявшей последние годы его жизни. В эти долгие дни испытаний и несчастья он показал мужество и твердость духа, заставившие забыть о многих его прежних преступлениях.
С расстояния в сто пятьдесят— сто восемьдесят лет голоса минувшей эпохи доходят до нас приглушеннее. Но историк, восстанавливающий картину давно ушедшего времени и его героев, уже свободен от пристрастий и предубежденности ушедшей эпохи; проверенные строгой мерой времени исторические явления и исторические герои обретают свои истинные размеры; история каждому отводит свое место.
Наполеон Бонапарт с этого дальнего расстояния предстает во всей своей противоречивости. Он воспринимается прежде всего как сын своего времени — переломной эпохи, эпохи перехода от старого, феодального мира к новому, шедшему ему на смену буржуазному обществу. Его имя ассоциируется с безмерным честолюбием, с деспотической властью, с жестокими и кровавыми войнами, с ненасытной жаждой завоеваний.
Наверное, будет правильно сказать, что Наполеон Бонапарт был один из самых выдающихся представителей буржуазии в пору, когда она была еще молодым, смелым, восходящим классом, что он наиболее полно воплотил все присущие ей тогда сильные черты и все свойственные ей даже на ранней стадии пороки и недостатки.
До тех пор пока в действиях Наполеона Бонапарта элементы про-грессивного оставались преобладающими, удачи, победы сопутствовали ему. Когда же наполеоновские войны превратились в чисто захватнические, империалистические войны, несшие народам Европы порабощение и гнет, тогда никакие личные дарования Наполеона, ни огромные усилия, прилагаемые им, не могли уже принести победу. Он с неотвратимостью шел к крушению своей империи и личному своему крушению. Его восхождение и его падение были вполне закономерны.
Наполеон Бонапарт был сыном своего времени и запечатлел в своем образе черты своей эпохи. Все последующие деятели буржуазии, претендовавшие на роль Наполеона, отражая историческую эволюцию класса, который они представляли, мельчали, вырождались в злую пародию или карикатуру на образ, который они пытались имитировать.
И все-таки из летописей истории не вычеркнуть имени Наполеона Бонапарта. В 1968 году был отмечен его двухсотлетний юбилей: сотни книг и статей, конгрессы, конференции, телепередачи— и снова споры. Общественный интерес к человеку, полководцу, государственному деятелю давно минувшего времени все еще велик.
О    чем же спорят? Одни хулят и клянут Бонапарта, другие возносят ему хвалу, третьи стараются найти объяснение противоречивое - ти жизненного пути, столь непохожего на все остальные. Впрочем, сколь резко не различаются мнения, все сходятся на том, что то был человек неповторимой, удивительной судьбы, навсегда запечатлевшейся в памяти поколений.
(Отрывок из эпилога к книге «Наполеон Бонапарт» А.З.Манфреда)

 

VOCABULARY EXERCISES

 

I. Study the vocabulary notes and translate the illustrative examples into Russian.

 

II. Translate the following sentences into Russian. Pay attention to the words and word combinations in italics:

 

A. 1. What nonsense people talked when they said you eould tell character from faces. 2. She was usually cast for character parts. 3. The portrayal of the two characters is built on the contrast between appearance and reality, 4. His behaviour seemed out of character. 5. It had never occurred to him that after 25 years of complete happiness his character would gradually lose its strength. 6. But it is not at all characteristic of him. 7. Did you try to disguise your voice in any way? 8. He went about in the disguise of an old beggar. 9. But it was a new kind of moodi-ness, with tears threatening. 10. Knowing that danger threatened, the sentry was on the alert. 11. As for this man, there was no sign that the threats would come to anything. 12. The girl's face relaxed. "Well, that's very sweet of you," she said warmly. "I need encouragement, we all do." 13. After arguing till both were hot and flushed, each relaxed his strain. 14. Mr. Scuttle leaned back, relaxing his business manner. 15. I'm too excited to sit down and relax.

 

B. 1. Mrs. Davis was boiling a pot of grub. She bade us sit down, stirred the pot and then sank into a wicker chair. 2. He looked at her and his heart sank: she seemed to be in one of her moods and would not concentrate on what he was saying. 3. I knew that Fred was untrustworthy, but I'd no idea he'd ever sink to doing a.thing like that. 4. Robert had learnt a valuable lesson if he had'the sense to hold onto it. 5. The beauty of the picture stirred in me a most enthusiastic sense of admiration. 6. A strange sense of loss came over him. 7. Common sense told her it was useless at this stage to say anything about what she had seen yesterday. 8. Agnes was one of those sensitive types who go through life looking for any offence left lying about for the taking. 9. There was a sudden sense of strain in the atmosphere. 10. Do have some sense of proportion, Martin. 11. One could always appeal to Carlyon's sense of humour. 12. "You're a very sensible boy," Mrs. Bowles said approvingly. 13. It was useless arguing with Jan. One couldn't talk sense into her, 14. When Ned was angry he lost his sense of the ridiculous. 15. She was in a queer spirit and I was cautious enough not to insist on my offer. 16. Caution visibly held him back. 17. I've already seen enough to insist that ordinary precautions be taken. 18. So far his interview with Mike had proceeded cautiously - on both sides. 19. It seemed that caution was the one virtue he recognized. 20. I was in my room when Paul slipped in, his eyes shining. 21. He knew he'd gone out on some errand and it absolutely slipped his memory. 22. Lucy slipped quickly out of bed and went along the passage to her sister's room. :23. I dreamed of dreadful abysses amongst which I was wandering knowing that a slip of the foot meant death. 24, She moved to the door, and slipped home the little bolt. 25. He tore the slip of paper in two, and Tossed it into the fire. 26. It was no mere slip of the tongue that had caused Bramwell to make that gross error. 27. Mrs. Reed looked frightened; her work had slipped from her knee.

 

C. 1. He laughed again, and it struck me that his laugh was unusually bitter. 2. There was a terrible bitter row over George's going to college. 3. He thought of June, and her dead mother, and the whole story, with all his old bitterness. 4. When he turned there was bitter hatred in his face. 5. A sheep dog stirred in the shade and opened a cautious eye as he passed. 6. He poured out coffee for us both and began stirring his slowly, thoughtfully. 7. It was a summer morning full of stir and life. 8. He hurried to Mr. Dombey's room, stirred the fire, put the chair ready. 9. For long times he settled down, and in those times he would not stir a finger to lift a guinea a yard off. 10. Washington was humming with excitement like a stirred wasps' nest. 11. Our fates were linked together. I could not injure him without injuring myself. 12. Women forgive injuries, but never forget slights. 13. The nurse who had been injured, had been questioned and sent home, with her arm bandaged. 14. When you testified at the trial, you did not point out that Jackson received his injury through trying to save the machinery from damage. 15. He gave full attention to diseases and injuries of the brain. 16. Reggie sighed, and his round face was plaintive with the melancholy of an injured child. 17. I was compelled to admit that I had heard about it before. 18. I was compelled to silence and that was very hard on me as I was bursting with news. 19. She wanted to go away and cry and hate Constance and think of impossible but terrific ways of taking her revenge on her. 20. George Sand revenged herself upon the poet Musset for writing "He and She" by publishing the novel "She and He".

 

III. Paraphrase the following sentences using the essential vocabulary:

 

A. 1. She is not, I think, an interesting personality. 2. The writer's skill in creating vivid and original images is combined with the refinement of language and style. 3. The people depicted by the writer are all very much alike. 4. His conversation was typical of a retired officer. 5. She hid her sorrow beneath a careless manner. 6. He could not hide his anger. 7. He got to the frontier town dressed as a peasant. 8. Look at the clouds. It looks like raining. 9. The teacher said he was going to punish the pupil unless he did his homework properly. 10. But for once his sphinx-like features had become gentle and there was a warm humanity in his eyes. 11. With her you could let yourself go and be quite natural and needn't pretend to be anything you weren't. 12. She sat back, her arms wrapped round her knees, seeming completely at rest now.

 

B. 1. Jap dropped into a chair, looked at me and tapped his forehead significantly. 2. His voice had risen, but now it dropped almost to a whisper. 3. At last he subsided into heavy slumber. 4. You are her friend- in the best meaning of the word. Surely that gives you special privileges. 5. The drugs had relieved the pain and she was left with a feeling of great fatigue. 6. Nora never made scenes. She was reasonable enough.to know that they would only irritate Roger. 7. The truth was too obvious, and Julia had too much intelligence to miss it. 8. I think she behaved with great practical, wisdom. 9. He never warned me about that until yesterday. 10. My friend and I moved quietly out of the room. 11. We knew what you intended to do and we took measures. 12. I meant to give the book back to you this morning, but .in the heat of our discussion, it had escaped my memory. 13. She put her hand into his and gave him her old smile. 14. It must be awful to see year after year pass by and live in a place where nothing can happen.

 

C. 1. His life had been a severe struggle against every sort of difficulty. 2. Gorky's death was a heavy loss to all the Soviet people. 3. His failure to pass the examination was a painful disappointment to him. 4. She was afraid to make the slightest movement for fear she might waken the child. 5. Poetry, like music, excited him profoundly. 6. He had no pity, and her tears aroused no emotion, but he didn't want hysterics. 7. "There!" he would say in a hurt tone. "Now the nail's gone." 8. Isn't it a bit too Hot for sunbathing?-Not for me. I like it hot. The sun can't do me any harm. 9. The doctor thought that the wound was inflicted by a heavy blow from some blunt instrument. 10. She is vindictive to anyone who has hurt her. 11. I had a bad attack of dyspepsia and was obliged to restrict my diet to hot malted milk. 12. She felt herself shudder as she saw it and, yet as if he forced her, she closed the door and came a little farther into the room. 13. The rain made it necessary for us to stop playing. 14. He told Kate that, in practical affairs, paying back evil for evil was a luxury he could not afford. 15. That was how he could inflict injury on those people in return for their mockery. 16. Ann knew she could get even with them, but she no longer felt angry.

 

IV. Explain or comment on the following sentences:

 

A. 1. "Is that likely from what you know of his character?"- "Very unlikely." 2. His appearance did not answer his true character. 3. I like the way the actor reveals the character. 4. The old gentleman was decidedly a character. 5. I know that Blanche has a quick temper. It's part of her strong character. 6. The writer's favourite character is a man who is poor and alone in the world. 7. His style is characterized by great laconism. 8. Disguised as a peasant, he aroused no suspicion. 9. The father threatened to cut the boy off with a shilling if he disobeyed him. 10. We had had cloudy days before, but not dull days, threatening rain. 11. But try as he would he found it impossible to relax. 12. Henderson's face slowly relaxed as he listened on the phone. 13. Charles smoked a cigarette, relaxing in the still warmth of the afternoon. 14. "You make everything mean something it isn't. Why? Why can't you relax?" said Becky. 15. Within five seconds the classroom was empty and Miss Torn-ton relaxed with a sigh.

 

B. 1. Who was the "her" they were talking about? My heart sank: me. 2. She tried to stand up, but once again the sickness overpowered her and she sank back on to the deck. 3. But why should they get so damned suspicious?" Miller asked. "It doesn't make sense to me, boss." 4. He was able to look after her and that was a comfort. In fact he gave a sense of support to all who were near him. 5. He was sensible enough to accept the inevitable. 6. I think she behaved with great sense; 7. Come on, let's talk sense. 8. You're ridiculously oversensitive. Everyone is sure to welcome you. 9. No sense in catching cold. Put on your sweater. 10. He has an immense sense of his own importance. 11. She broke in: "We cannot be too cautious of how we talk before children." 12. "You are going to ruin your life, all because you can't resist the temptation of luxury," he tried to caution her. 13. When he returned, he said the doctor ought to see her, if only as a precaution. 14. Mrs. Ebberly always took precautions against being exposed to draughts. 15. She slipped the ring on her finger and stretched out her arm to have a better look at his present. 16. The minutes slipped by into an hour. 17. "If you make another slip of the tongue, it will be the last," said the examiner. 18. He slipped off his boots and coat and slid into the water.

 

C. 1. The bitter cold of late autumn, unprepared for and unforeseen, is more bitter than the cold of winter. 2. He reproached me bitterly for not having let him know. 3. But that wasn't much improvement, he said with a quiet and bitter sarcasm. 4. I was so utterly exhausted that I couldn't stir hand or foot. 5. Hallward stirred in his chair as if he were going to rise. 6. In her day she had made a great stir in the little world of London. 7. Do not let the children injure the bushes in the park. 8. He received injuries to his head in the accident. 9. Why should she always have an injured look? 10. The doctor said that sort of thing might injure the girl's mentality for life. 11. A part of my brain worked in a dull fashion, took note of facts and figures, and jotted them down as if compelled by force of habit. 12. His illness compelled him to move to the Crimea. 13. In taking revenge a man is but equal to his.enemy, but in passing it over he is his superior. 14. The young peasant swore to revenge himself upon the man who had insulted his sister. 15. His grief and sense of loss were replaced.by a desire for revenge.

 

V. Choose the right words

 

conceal-disguise

1. For a time he ... his hatred by a show of friendly interest. 2. You ought not to have ... the truth. 3. He ... his face by pulling his hat over his eyes. 4. Did you try ... your handwriting?

 

caution-warn

1. His friends ... him against approaching danger and ... him against running into it. 2. We ... her against speaking rashly and ... her of the consequences. 3. I ... him against being late. 4. The boys must be ... not to go skating on the pond: the ice is too thin.

 

stir-move

1. He held his breath, afraid ... . 2. ... aside, please. 3. He wouldn't ... a finger to help anyone. 4. He is able ... anyone to action. 5. His kind attitude ... me to tears. 6. She was afraid ... not to wake up the children.

 

injure-damage

1. The crops were ... by a storm. 2. He was ... in the war. 3. Lots of building were ... by the earthquake. 4. He was the only one to escape from the train wreck without ... . 5. The car was ... in an accident.

 

VI. Give English equivalents for the following word combinations and phrases:

независимый характер; отличаться характером; воспитание характера; главный герой; хорошая характеристика; характерно (для кого-нибудь); переодеться мужчиной; угрожающий вид; бросить угрожающий взгляд; ослабить внимание; чувство долга; быть не в своем уме; здравый смысл; иметь смысл; предостерегать кого-нибудь; принимать меры предосторожности

 

VII. Translate the following sentences into English:

A. 1. Когда Тед появился в.нашей компании, мы сразу почувствовали силу его характера. 2. В "паблик скулз" действительно воспитывают характер, и совершенно определенный - характер лидера. 3. Когда мы стали обсуждать главного героя рассказа, мнения разделились. 4. Решение ждать, ничего не предпринимая, очень характерно для него. 5. Овод был так искусно замаскирован, что его трудно было узнать. 6. Переодетая в костюм цыганки, Роза прошла на базарную площадь. 7. "Во всяком случае ты Mor бы обойтись без угроз,- сказала Джун,- угрозами ты ничего не добьешься". 8. Никто, кроме руководителя экспедиции, не отдавал себе отчета в том, какая опасность грозит им, если пурга не стихнет к утру. 9. Когда спор уже грозил перейти в ссору, Энн засмеялась, и обстановка сразу разрядилась. 10. Он лежал, растянувшись на диване, прислушиваясь к звону посуды в кухне, и чувствовал, что напряжение покидает его. Как хорошо снова оказаться дома! 11. Это был тяжелый день, и он был рад, что, наконец, может передохнуть. 12. Тед знал, что когда он устает, у него ослабевает

внимание. 13. В своей внешней политике Советский Союз руководствуется принципом возможности мирного сосуществования и делает все, чтобы внести разрядку в международные отношения. 14. Перестаньте нервничать. Попытайтесь отдохнуть часок. 15. Постепенно обстановка за столом перестала быть напряженной, и разговор стал более естественным.

 

B. 1. Элси хотелось провалиться сквозь землю от стыда. 2. Солнце клонилось к горизонту. Повеяло сыростью. 3. Во время шторма на море их лодка затонула, но рыбакам удалось спастись. 4. Вы не находите, что этот актер переигрывает? У него нет чувства меры. 5. "Ты же разумный человек. Как ты не понимаешь, что нет смысла спорить об этом, пока мы не выясним все?" - сказал Тэд. 6. Это предложение бессмысленно, тут, должно быть, опечатка. 7. Джейн очень болезненно воспринимает критику; ее обижает любое замечание, какое бы оно ни было. 8. Ты бы лучше прислушалась к словам Роджера: он дело говорит. 9. Настойчивость и здравый смысл - вот что мне нравится в ней. 10. Будьте осторожны, это очень плохая дорога, и по ней нельзя ехать с большой скоростью. 11. Я же предупреждал вас, чтобы вы не опаздывали, а вы приходите с опозданием на час. 12. Против гриппа были приняты все меры предосторожности. 13. Она вздрогнула, и чашка выскользнула у нее из рук. 14. Эта тропинка очень скользкая, пойдемте лучше по дороге. 15. Когда вечер был в разгаре, Анне удалось незаметно выскользнуть из дома. 16. Он очень бегло говорит по-немецки, но у него "хромает" грамматика. 17. Я хотела позвонить вам вчера вечером, но когда я пришла домой, я совсем забыла об этом. 18. Миссис Дауэлс посмотрела вокруг: Тома нигде не было видно, должно быть, он опять улизнул от нее.

 

C. 1. Его провал на экзамене был для него горьким разочарованием. 2. Когда Дорин осталась одна, она дала волю слезам' и долго и горько плакала от обиды. 3. Сегодня ужасно холодно. Почему бы не отложить нашу поездку до завтра? 4. Ветра совсем не было, ни один листок не шевелился. 5. Помешайте кашу, а то она подгорит. 6. В доме никого еще не было слышно, я открыл дверь и вышел. 7. Марион и глазом не моргнула, когда услышала эту потрясающую новость, должно быть, она знала об этом раньше. 8. Когда Джон попал в автомобильную катастрофу, он получил серьезные повреждения спины и до сих пор еще недостаточно хорошо1 себя чувствует. 9. Боюсь, не повредило бы ребенку это лекарство. 10. Будьте потактичнее, чтобы не задеть ее. Она очень обидчива. 11. Думаю, что она расплакалась из-за уязвленного самолюбия. 12. На полпути к станции велосипед сломался, и Тедди был вынужден остальную часть пути проделать пешком. 13. Школьное обучение обязательно в Англии для детей от 5 до 15 лет. 14. Я отказываюсь верить, что необходимы принудительные меры. 15. Аттикус говорил очень тихо и все же сумел привлечь всеобщее внимание. 16. Она сделала эго из мести, ты же тоже не очень хорошо с ней обошлась. 17. "Никогда бы не подумала,- сказала Нора,- что она способна мстить за небольшую обиду, которую ей, к тому же, нанесли случайно". 18. Такие мстительные люди никогда не забывают обид и всегда надеются когда-нибудь отомстить своему обидчику.

 

VIII. Review the vocabulary notes and answer the following questions;

 

1. What do you say of a person who is easily influenced by others? 2. What do you say of a person who often does strange or unusual things? 3. What do you call people who are easily hurt? 4. What do you call people who desire for revenge? 5. What can people do not to be recognized? 6. What do some people do if they want to pay back evil? 7. What's paying back evil called? 8. What would you do. if you didn't want to show your sorrow? 9. What must one do after a long and hard ascent of a mountain? 10. What must be done during an epidemic? 11. How must one walk along a street slippery with ice? 12. What may happen if one is not cautious? 13. What may happen if one slips and falls? 14. What k'ind of shoes are usually worn at home? 15. What kind of people cannot see a good joke? 16. What is another way of saying "This is typical of him"? 17. What do you call a basin with a drain in the kitchen? 18. What kind of person would you ask for advice?

 

IX. Respond to the following statements and questions using the essential vocabulary:

 

1. One can never know what to expect of her. 2. Why on earth did you employ him? He won't stir a finger to do the work properly. 3. Do you think it was mere chance that she wouldn't stay and finish the job? 4. How did you fail-to recognize her voice? 5. I won't have you doing it! 6. I feel so tired and spent. 7. One always has to wait for Ann. 8. Why are you asking me for advice? 9. Do you understand what he said? 10. Why didn't you ring me up last night? 11. You look frozen. Is it as cold as that? 12. Wasn't she surprised to hear the news? 13. I hear he's in hospital. What's the matter with him? 14. Whatever made her say such a thing? Was she angry with you? 15. You ought to have stood your ground. 16. I'm through with my work. 17. Aren't you ashamed? 18. What a boring party, I wish I were at home. 19. You're hours late! What's the matter? 20. I hear he's dropped hockey.

 

X. Use as many word combinations- from the essential vocabulary as possible in one situation.

 

XI. Use the following words and word combinations in dialogues (to be done in pairs):

 

1. Two girls are discussing the plot of a play or story, (the main character, disguised as, to intercept information, to take precautions, to trick smb. out of smth., a slip of the tongue, not to stir an eyelid, the moment he ... , an injured air, to give smb. the slip)

2. Two first-year students are talking of their impressions of the college, (compulsory attendance, the character of, to caution against, to relax, characteristic of, to compel, to give way to, why not?)

 

XII. Find in Text Seven and copy out phrases in which the prepositions (or adverbs) out, out of and into are used. Translate the sentences into Russian.

 

XIII. Fill In prepositions or adverbs where necessary;

 

1. Norman is ... . He'll be back ... an hour or so. 2. "Let's forget the quarrel and be friends," he said holding ... his hand. 3, Let's get ... the car and stretch our legs. 4. I really can't walk ... such a rate. I'm quite ... breath. 5. I remember that I was scared ... my wits then, but the details have faded ... my memory. 6. ... respect to her feelings you ought to be discreet. 7. The door wasn't lock. All the locks in this cottage are ... order. 8. Are you ... your senses to act like this? 9. The lady succeeded ... tricking the lieutenant ... the dispatches. 10. Are you ... your tricks again? You'll drive me ... . my senses. 11. The first introduction of French ... English dates from the time ... the Saxon kings. 12. American slang is forcing its way ... English. 13. It's good to be able to turn sorrow ... joy. 14. Why did you burst ... the room ... so much noise? 15. He sat staring ... the fire.

 

XIV. Translate the following sentences into English. Pay attention to the prepositions and adverbs;

 

1. Когда вечер был в разгаре, Руфь незаметно выскользнула из дома. 2. Я не Morу разобрать некоторые слова, у вас ужасный почерк. 3. День оказался прекрасным, и мы пожалели, что остались в городе. 4. С глаз долой, из сердца вон. 5. Кейт улыбалась сквозь слезы и сказала: "Извини меня, у меня нервы не в порядке". 6, Он живет за городом, и ему нужно полтора часа, чтобы добраться до работы. 7. Вы попадете в беду. И не говорите тогда, что я не предостерегал вас. 8. Узнав, что отъезд опять отменен, Кэйт залилась слезами. 9. Джим ворвался в комнату, схватил что-то, и через минуту его уже снова не было в доме. 10. Теперь, когда они были вне опасности, они Morли, наконец, передохнуть. 11. Он не выходит уже месяц. 12. Дверь не запирается: должно быть замок не в порядке. 13. Не в его характере спорить просто из упрямства.

 

XV. a) Give Russian equivalents for the following English proverbs and sayings (or translate them into Russian), b) Make up situations to illustrate their meanings:

1. It is sink or swim. 2. Caution is the parent of safety. 3. Who has never tasted bitter, knows not what is sweet. 4. A threatened blow is seldom given. 5. Better the foot slip than the tongue. 6. Between the cup and the lip a morsel may slip. 7. A blessing in disguise.

 

XVI. Write an essay on one of the following topics:

  1. A Russian national hero of the war of 1812.
  2. A play by B. Shaw on Soviet stage.