Lesson 13. Hiring and Training.

Аудирование для продвинутых
√ Definitions and examples.
Words in context
√ Listening comprehension.
√ Talk
√ reading


conduct ˈkɒndʌkt  поведение
generate ˈʤɛnəreɪt  производить
hire ˈhaɪə  Наем
keep up with kiːp ʌp wɪð  идти в ногу с
look up to lʊk ʌp tuː  смотреть на кого-то с восхищением или уважением
mentor ˈmɛntɔː  Наставник, руководитель
on track ɒn træk  согласно графику
reject ˈriːʤɛkt  отклонять
set up sɛt ʌp  Настроить, основывать, учреждать
success səkˈsɛs  успех
training ˈtreɪnɪŋ  Обучение, подготовка
update ʌpˈdeɪt  Обновить

Study the following definitions and examples.
1.            conduct n., поведение  one’s behavior; v., to hold, to take place, to behave
a.            The trainees’ conduct during training was unacceptable.
b.            Interviews were conducted over a period of three weeks.

2.            generate v., производить to create, to produce
a.            The new training program generated a lot of interest among employees.
b.            The job fair at the college campus should generate interest in our company.

3.            hire n., Наем, нанимать, an employee; v., to employ, to offer a job or position
a.            The new hire has integrated well with his colleagues.
b.            She was hired after her third interview.

4.            keep up with v., идти в ногу с, to stay equal with
a.            The workers were told that they must keep up with the changes or they would find themselves without                      jobs.
b.            Employees are encouraged to take courses in order to keep up with new developments.

5.            lookuptov., смотреть на кого-то с восхищением или уважением, to admire, to think                     highly of
a.            Staff members looked up to the director because he had earned their respect over the years.
b.            There are few people in this world that I look up to as much as I look up to you.

6.            mentor n., Наставник, руководитель, a person who guides and instructs, a resource
a.            The mentor helped her make some decisions about combining career and family.
b.            One problem with many programs is that the mentors don’t feel invested in the progress of the employees                  with whom they are working.

7.            on track adj., согласнографику on schedule; focused
a.            If we stay on track, the meeting should be finished at 9;30.
b.            You have a lot of work; if you can’t stay on track, let me know immediately.

8.            Reject n., отклонять something that has been turned down; v., to turn down; to say no, to
              not accept
a.            We put the rejects in this box.
b.            Even though Mr. Lukin rejected their offer, they remained in contact.

9.            set up adj., Назначенный, основанный, учрежденный, established,                      arranged; v., to establish, to arrange
a.            Check with your supervisor to make sure that your office is all set up before you begin work.
b.            Set up a time and place for the meeting and then inform everyone who is involved.

10.          success n., успех, an accomplishment; reaching a goal
a.            The director’s success came after years of hiring the right people at the right time.
b.            When the manager won an award, he attributed his success to his colleagues.

11.          training n., Обучение, подготовка, the preparation or education for a specific job
a.            The new hire received such good training that, within a week, she was as productive as the other workers.
b.            The training is designed to prepare all workers, new and old, for the changes that the company will face.

12.          update v., Обновить to make current; n., the latest information
a.            The personnel officer updated the employees on the latest personnel changes.
b.            Our latest update shows that business is down 15 percent.

Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.
Conducted / keep up with / on track / successfully / generate / look up to / rejected / training / hires / mentor / set up / update

After the ads have been placed, and the interviews have been (1) ____, decisions have to be made. Who should the company bring onboard?
Job offers are extended and they are either accepted or (2) ____. For those who accept the offer, the job search has been completed (3) ____. But for both the employer and the new hire, the job has just begun.
Companies want new employees to (4) ____new business and new ideas as soon as possible. Before they can do that, the new (5) ____need some (6) ____. All companies have unique expectations and methods of operating. 
Company trainers conduct workshops and seminars for both experienced and new workers.  Ail employees must prepare for the future and continuously (7) ____themselves in their field.
Nowadays, workers are expected to (8) ____the latest trends and information. Otherwise, they fall behind. Many companies (9) ____ a mentoring program for new employees.
The (10) ____is usually an experienced manager or employee and should be someone whom the new employee can (11) ____. Mentors often review goals and objectives with their mentors and help them to stay (12) ____.


conduct Your conduct during the meeting reflected poorly on the company.
verb conduct If you conduct yourself with professionalism, you will always impress your coworkers.

conductor The conductor gathered tickets before the first stop.
verb generate The purpose of the demonstration is to generate interest in the new product.

generator The generator goes on automatically when the electricity goes off.
adjective generated The sales that were generated by the giveaway surprised even the sales department.

hire The personnel director needed to hire 15 people within a week.

hire The new hire quickly gained a reputation for excellent work.

hiring The hiring took the company much longer than expected.
verb reject The candidate rejected the offer the first time, but the second time she accepted it.

rejection Rejections are difficult, but you can learn something from them.

rejecting Rejecting a job offer before you have it is not a smart thing to do.

succeed In order to succeed in this business, you must be persistent.

success Don’t let success go to your head!

successful The trainers were very successful with this last group of new hires.

train Even though you were trained on a Macintosh, you’ll have to learn how to use a PC.

trainer The trainer stayed after the meeting to answer any questions.

trainee Each new employee spends six weeks as a trainee.



Part 3 Conversation
Listen to the dialogue. Then read each question and choose the best response.

4. What is the response to the training program? 

(A)     Boredom.     
(B)     Confusion.    
(C)     Chaos.
(D)     Enthusiasm.  

5. How long will the training program last?

(A)     One week.
(B)     Two weeks.
(C)     Three weeks.
(D)     Four weeks.

6. What will the woman do now?
(A)    Join a discussion.
(B)    Set up the room.
(C)    Look for seating.
(D)    Write a letter.

Part 4 Talk

Listen to the talk. Then read each question and choose the best answer

Who is listening to this talk?
(A)     New workers.
(B)     Annual trainers.
(C)     Patients.
(D)     New mentors.

8. What will they do first?

(A)     Select participants for the program.
(B)     Think of traits of good teachers.
(C)     Generate a list of rules.
(D)     Hear an update on sales figures.

9. How long will they spend on the first activity?

(A)     Two minutes.
(B)     Three minutes.
(C)     Four minutes.
(D)     Five minutes


Part 5 Incomplete Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the sentence.

10.      The presentation was ____ seamlessly, giving an impressive image of the team.

(A)     conduct
(B)     conducted
(C)     conducting
(D)     conductor

11.      You need to consider how many new sales you ____ in comparison to how many standing

clients put in orders.
(A)     generator
(B)     generated
(C)     generating
(D)    generation

12.      After he was ____, he continued to take classes to upgrade his skills.

(A)     hiring 
(B)     hires  
(C)     hired
(D)     hire

13.      Unfortunately, not all candidates can be offered a job; some have to be ____.

(A)     rejected
(B)     rejecting
(C)     rejection
(D)     reject

14.      The ____ of the program depends on the active participation of everyone.

(A)     successfully
(B)      succeed
(C)      successful
(D)      success

15.      In all my years of ____, I have never seen such a motivated group of new hires.

(A)     trainee
(B)     training        
(C)     trains
(D)     trainer

Part6 Text Completion
In order to ensure the __16__ of new hires, many companies have implemented a mentor program.
This is a formal way to provide new hires with the guidance they need to __17__ the responsibilities of their new position.
With a mentor in place, the new hire knows exactly who to go to when confused about policies and procedures.
In addition, many mentors conduct regular meetings with the people they are responsible for. This way they can make sure that no serious problems arise.
A mentor does not necessarily replace formal __18__ programs. In fact, they often go hand in hand. New hires may need a lot of support initially.
Mentors are a good way to provide this.

16. (A) success

     (B) succeed
     (C) successful
     (D) successfully
17. (A) set up

     (B) look up to
     (C) keep up with
     (D) stay on track with

(A) train

     (B) trainer
     (C) trained
     (D) training

Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the following memo and e-mail message.


To: All new hires
From: Edwin Mallory, Human Resources Director Re: Training session
All new hires are required to attend a training session, which will take place on Friday, October 12 from 9:30 A.M. until 3:30 P.M.
The session will be conducted in Meeting Room 3, and lunch will be provided.
During the session, you will get an overview of company policies and procedures.
You will also be updated on changes in the benefits package and learn about professional development opportunities you will be required to participate in so that you can keep up with changes in your field. Attendance at this training is mandatory for everyone hired since June of this year.
There will be no excuses.

19.      How long will the training session last?

(A)     Three hours.
(B)     Six hours.
(C)     Nine hours.
(D)     Twelve hours.

20.      Who must attend the training session?

(A)     All company employees.
(B)     Only members of the Human Resources Department.
(C)     Mentors and supervisors.
(D)     All new hires.

21.      Why doesn’t Amelia Foote want to attend the training session?

(A)     She has an important family event.
(B)     She thinks it won’t be useful.
(C)     She believes the next session will be better.
(D)     She doesn’t have permission from her supervisor.

To: Edwin Mallory From: Amelia Foote Subject: Training session

Dear Mr. Malloiy,

I just learned from your memo that I will be required to attend the training session on October 12.
Unfortunately, I had already planned to be out of the office that week attending my niece’s wedding.
My supervisor has given me permission to take that time off, and I have already purchased my plane tickets.
I didn’t know about the date of the training session when I set up these plans, and it will be very difficult to change them now.
My mentor suggested that I ask you for permission to miss this training session.
I am willing to attend the next session instead. I hope you don’t reject this offer.
It is very important to me to be able to attend this family event. Thank you.

Amelia Foote

22.     The word conducted in line 3 of the memo is closest in meaning to

(A)     announced
(B)     informed
(C)     learned
(D)     held

23.     The word reject in line 6 of the e-mail is closest in meaning to

(A)     consider
(B)     accept
(C)     say no
(D)     agree to

Lesson 13 Hiring and Training

Words in Context: 1. conducted 2. rejected 3. successfully
4.       generate 5. hires 6. training 7. update 8. keep up with
9. set up 10. mentor 11. look up to 12, on track

Word Practice: 1. В 2. A 3. В 4. D 5. A 6. В 7. D 8. В 9. D 10. В 11. В 12. С 13. A 14. D 15. В 16. A 17. D 18. D 19. В 20. D 21. A 22. D 23. С


Number 3.
Do you think that Lena looks up to Virginia?
(A)         Lena’s application was rejected.
(B)          Virginia was her mentor, so it’s natural that she would.
(C)          The team will update us on Thursday.
Numbers 4 through 6 relate to the following conversation.
[M] How has the week of training gone so far? I’ve been concerned that the group is too big.
[W] We do have a large group of trainees, but we’ve been able to stay on track and get a lot accomplished.
[M] Everyone is commenting on the amount of excitement that your program has generated.
[W] Yes, we’re quite pleased with our success so far. Well, I have to get going. I need to set up the meeting room for this afternoon’s session. See you later.
Part 4: Talk
Questions 7 through 9 relate to the following recording.
Welcome to our first annual mentors training program. You have been selected by your coworkers for this program because they look up to you. And that’s an honor. So congratulations to all of you for being here. Today we’re going to start by generating a list of characteristics that make a successful mentor. I’d like you all to take a few minutes to think back to a mentor you’ve known or worked with. What made that person a good mentor? In order to stay on track with our schedule, we’ll take no more than five minutes for this first activity. So, please begin listing your ideas now, and when I say stop it will be time to share with the group.

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