Упражнения к BY.

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√ Complete the sentences using by.
√ Put in by, in or on.
√ Put in the correct preposition: by, in, on or with.


1 Complete the sentences using by + one of the following:

  chance,  chance,  cheque,  hand, mistake,  satellite

  1. We hadn't arranged to meet. We met _by chance._

  2. I didn't intend to take your umbrella. I took it ---.

  3. I didn't put the pullover in the washing machine. I washed it ---.

  4, If you haven't got any cash, you can pay ---.

  5. The two cities were connected --- for a television programme.

  6. I never suspected anything. It was only --- that I found out what had happened.


2  Put in by, in or on.

  1. Liz usually goes to work _by_ bus.

  2. I saw Jane this morning. She was --- the bus.

  3. How did you get here? Did you come --- train?

  4. How did you get here? Did you come --- the train?

  5. I decided not to go --- car. I went --- my bike instead.

  6. I didn't feel like walking home, so I came home --- a taxi.

  7. Sorry we're late. We missed the bus, so we had to come --- foot.

  8. How long does it take to cross the Atlantic --- sea?


3  Write three sentences like the examples. Write about a book, a song, a painting, a film etc.

  1. _'War and Peace' is a book by Tolstoy._

  2. _'Romeo and Juliet' is a play by Shakespeare._

  3. ---.

  4. ---.

  5. ---.


4 Put in the correct preposition: by, in, on or with.

  1. Who is that man standing --- the window?

  2. I managed to put the fire out --- a fire extinguisher.

  3. The plane was badly damaged --- lightning.

  4. These photographs were taken --- a friend of mine.

  5. These photographs were taken --- a very good camera.

  6. I don't mind going --- car but I don't want to go your car.

  7. Shall we get a taxi or shall we go --- foot?

  8. What's that music? I know it's --- Beethoven but I can't remember what it's called.

  9. There was a small table --- the bed  a lamp and a clock it.

  10. Our team lost the game only because of a mistake --- one of our players.


5 Complete the sentences using by.

  1. Clare's salary was 1,000  pounds a month. Now it is 1,100 pounds.

  Her salary _has increased by 100 pounds a month._

  2. My daily newspaper used to cost 50 pence. From today it costs 60 pence. The price has gone up ---.

  3. There was an election. Helen got 25 votes and Norman got 23.

  Helen won ---.

  4. I went to Kate's house to see her but she had gone out five minutes before I arrived.

  I missed ---.

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