|figure out||ˈfɪgjər ˈæʊt||выяснить|
|shut down||ˈʃət ˈdæʊn||неисправность|
1. access n., the ability or right to enter or use; v., to obtain; to gain entry
a. You can’t gain access to the files unless you know the password.
b. We accessed the information on the company’s web site.
2. allocate v., to designate for a specific purpose
a. The office manager did not allocate enough money to purchase software.
b. The software architect did not allocate enough memory for the sound card to work in your computer.
3. compatible adj., able to function together
a. This operating system is not compatible with this model computer.
b. Users of software applications want new versions to be compatible with current versions.
4. delete v., to remove; to erase
a. The technicians deleted all the data on the disk accidentally.
b. This button on the keyboard deletes the characters from the screen.
5. display n., what is visible on a monitor; v., to show
a. The light on the LCD display is too weak.
b. The accounting program displays a current balance when opened.
6. duplicate v., to produce something equal; to make identical
a. I think the new word processing program will duplicate the success of the one introduced last year.
b. Before you leave, please duplicate that file by making a copy on the CD-ROM.
7 failure n., an unsuccessful work or effort
a. Your failure to inform us about the changed password cost the company a day’s work.
b. The repeated failure of her printer baffled the technician.
Lessons 6-10 Office Issues Lesson 6 Computers
Words in Context: 1. shut down 2. warning 3, figure out 4. access 5. search 6. deleted 7. duplicate 8. ignore 9. display 10. failed 21. allocate 22. compatible
Word Practice: 1. С 2. A 3. A 4. D 5. A 6. С 7. В 8. С 9. D 10. A 11. В 12. В 13. В 14. В 15. С 16. В 17. А 18. D 19. С 20. С 21. D 22. В 23. D
8. figure out v., to understand; to solve
a. By examining all of the errors, the technicians figured out how to fix the problem.
b. We figured out that it would take us at least ten minutes to download the file.
9. ignore v., not to notice; to disregard
a. When the director is working at the computer, she ignores everything around her.
b. Don’t ignore the technician’s advice when connecting cables.
10. search n., investigation; v., to look for
a. Our search of the database produced very little information.
b. The computer searched for all names that began with W.
11. shut down v., to turn off; to cease operations
a. Please shut down the computer before you leave.
b. We always shut down the air conditioning system on the weekend.
12 warning n., an alert to danger or problems
a. The red flashing light gives a warning to users that the battery is low.
b. Flashing images on a web page are warnings to attract users’ attention.
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below. access deleted failed search allocate display figure out shut down
compatible duplicate ignore warning
When I try to (1)___________ my computer, a (2)________________ pops up that says "Low Memory.” From there, I can’t (3)_________________ what to do. The computer won’t let me (4)_________________ any of my files, so I can’t (5 )________________ for those that I could delete.
I’ve already (6)___________________ all of my (7)_______________ files, and I can’t believe that my remaining files are using up so much memory.
I’d be happy to (8)______________ the computer’s warning, but I have no option, since the (9)___________________ is frozen on this message. Do you think I’ve (10)____________________ to understand something about the operations of this computer? If you can, would you please (11)___________________ a few minutes in your busy schedule to help me solve this dilemma? As I said before, I’m sure that my software is (12)____________________ and is not the source of this problem.
To gain access to the computer lab, all users must have a valid ID.
Internet cafes allow you to access your web-based e-mail account.
The staff assistant always keeps the door to her office open to show she is accessible.
Marla didn’t allocate enough time to train the new hires on our computer systems.
A different allocation of resources could certainly strengthen the R&D department.
The allocated money was never spent on new monitors.
If we work hard, we can duplicate last year’s sales records for computers.
Don’t worry, 1 have a duplicate on my hard drive.
His success at our company was based on the duplication of management techniques he had used elsewhere in his career.
The power failure caused the system to shut down.
We failed to tell you that your records were deleted.
Everyone can make a mistake. Even a computer is fallible.
Unfortunately, she ignored the warning about the virus.
His ignorance of this word processing program surprised everyone.
The ignored computer glitch caused the database to function improperly.
We were warned that our e-mail was not private.
The warning was written on the box.
The warning signs were all there; we should have paid attention to them.
Part 1 Photo
Look at the picture and listen to the sentences. Choose the sentence that best describes the picture.
Number 1. Look at the picture marked Number 1.
(A) The computers are in the display window.
(B) The duplicate photos are on the table.
(C) The computers are shut down.
(D) The programs are deleted.
Part 2 Question-Response
Listen to the question and the three responses. Choose the response that best answers the question.
Part 2: Question-Response Number 2.
Have you shut down your computer yet?
(A) It’s still on.
(B) I just got my computer last week.
(C) Here’s the showdown.
2 .A, B, C,
Do you want to duplicate it, or delete it?
(A) Oh, I definitely need a copy.
(B) I’ll do it double time.
(C) Deleted files go into the recycle bin.
3. A, B, C
Part 3 Conversation
Listen to the dialogue. Then read each question and choose the best response.
Part 3: Conversation
Numbers 4 through 6 relate to the following conversation.
[M] I can’t figure this out. When I tried to access my e- mail program, the monitor went black.
[W] It sounds like there’s a problem with the display.
[M] Let me shut down the computer and then try one more time.
[W] If that fails to work, you should call in a repairperson right away. You shouldn’t ignore a problem like this.
4. What happens when the man tries to access his e-mail?
(A) The computer shuts down.
(B) A warning appears on the screen.
(C) He hears a beeping noise.
(D) The screen turns black,
5. What will the man do now?
(A) Turn off the computer.
(B) Get a new monitor.
(C) Use a different program.
(D) Wait some more time.
6. What does the woman suggest doing?
(A) Working harder.
(B) Taking the computer back to the store.
(C) Calling someone to fix the computer.
(D) Ignoring the problem.
Part 4 Talk
Listen to the talk. Then read each question and choose
7. What does the speaker suggest that listeners do?
(A) Buy his software.
(B) Read the manual.
(C) Figure out the program by tinkering with it.
(D) Consult the competitor’s manual to check for compatibility.
8. What problems could users face?
(A) Their warranties could be invalidated.
(B) Their warning systems could malfunction.
(C) Their computers could shut down without warning.
(D) Their manuals could be inaccurate.
9. What does the speaker recommend doing with files?
(A) Reading them.
(B) Accessing them.
(C) Deleting them.
(D) Copying them.
Part 5 Incomplete Sentences
Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
10. In order to_____your e-mail messages, you must type in your password.
11. After reviewing the schedule, I realized we had not____________enough time for the software training.
12. The computer staff is responsible for making sure all system files are____________ .
13.____________to examine the capabilities of the computer carefully has cost us a lot of time and money.
14. She______________ the warning that the hard drive was full, and consequently they were unable to save the test data.
15. The computer will____________ you to save your work before quitting.
Part 6 Text Completion
To; All Office Staff
From: IT Department
Re: Avoiding Computer Problems
We are here to help you with any problems you may have with your computer. Please make our job easier by observing the following guidelines.
• If you have problems seeing the 16 check to make sure that your monitor is turned on.
• If your computer crashes, write down any warning message that appears. We can 17 a problem more easily if we have this information.
• Please do not install any new software without our approval. Some software is not compatible with what is already on the computer and can cause problems.
• Some parts of the company web site are 18 without a password. If you need a password, please let us know and we will assign you one.
16. (A) keyboard
17. (A) figure out
(B) to figure out
(C) will figure out
(D) figures out
18. (A) accesses
Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the foliowing note. Jim,
I have decided to get a new computer for my home office,
and I need your advice to help me select the right one. I
have allocated a certain amount of money from my budget
for this. I think it is enough for a completely new system
including computer, monitor, printer, and scanner. I would
like to continue using the software I already use, so I need
a system that is compatible with my current system and
software. However, I think I should get a different brand. I
have had nothing but trouble with the computer I have
now. It often shuts down without warning, and sometimes I
can’t access my files. I haven’t been able to figure out the
reason for these problems, and no one has been able to fix
it for me.
I plan to go to some stores this Saturday and Sunday to
search for my new computer. Would you be able to go with
me? If not, И1 call you before die weekend to get your
advice. I have a big project coming up next month, so I
would like to get my new computer up and running soon.
Let me know if you can help me this weekend.
19. What does Janet want Jim to help her with?
(A) Finding money to buy a computer.
(B) Accessing her files.
(C) Choosing a new computer.
(D) Repairing her computer.
20. What does Janet plan to do this weekend?
(A) Call Jim.
(B) Go on a date with Jim.
(C) Look for a new computer.
(D) Figure out the reason for her problems.
21. When will Janet’s big project begin?
(C) Before the weekend.
(D) Next month.
22. The word allocated in line 3 is closest in meaning to
23. The word access in line 11 is closest in meaning to