Study the following definitions and examples.
1. disk n., an object used to store digital information
a. The head of the optical disk reader was dirty.
b. Rewritable compact discs are more expensive than read-only CDs.
2. facilitate v., to make easier
a. The computer program facilitated the scheduling of appointments.
b. The director tried to facilitate the transition to the new policy by meeting with all staff who would be affected.
3. network v., to connect; to broadcast; n., an interconnected group or system over a radio or TV; to engage in informal communication
a. The recent graduate networked with her mother’s coworkers.
b. We set up a new network in my office to share files.
4. popularity n., the state of being widely admired, sought, or accepted
a. After the new commercials began running, the popularity of the batteries increased significantly.
b. This brand of computers is extremely popular among college students.
5. process v., to put through a series of actions or prescribed procedure; n., a series of operations or actions to bring about a result
a. I’ve processed the data I collected and have gotten some interesting results.
b. There is a process for determining why your computer is malfunctioning.
6. replace v., to put back in a former place or position; to take the place of
a. I’ve replaced the hard drive that was malfunctioning.
b. We have been looking for three months and we’ve found no one who can replace our former administrator.
7. revolution n., a sudden or momentous change in a situation; a single complete cycle
a. We see a revolution in the computer field almost every day.
b. My CD player is broken; the disk cannot make a complete revolution around the magnet.
8. sharp adj., abrupt or acute; smart
a. There was a sharp decline in calls to the help desk after we upgraded each employee’s computer.
b. The new employee proved how sharp she was when she mastered the new program in a few days.
9. skill n., a developed ability
a. The software developer has excellent technical skills and would be an asset to our software programming team.
b. Salman’s job as designer of electronic tools makes good use of his manual dexterity skills.
10. software n., the programs for a computer
a. This software allows me to integrate tables and spreadsheets into my reports.
b. Many computers come pre-loaded with software.
11. store v., to keep
a. You can store more data on a zip drive.
b. We store the master disks in the fireproof safe.
12. technically adv., with specialized skill or knowledge
a. Technically speaking, the virus infected only script files.
b. The office was finally up-to-speed technically.
WORDS IN CONTEXT.
Head the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.
disks popular revolutionize software
facilitated processing sharply storage
networks replace skills technical
By the mid-1980s, virtually all U.S. businesses owned at least one computer. Prices of computers declined (1)__________over the next few years, resulting in a surge in popularity. At the same time, offices started to rely on (2)______________which (3 )___________ the sharing and processing of data. Such data (4 )_______________ was made possible by improvements in both the hardware and software industries. More recently, data storage (5)________________ have under-gone their own revolution. Because of (6)____________ advancements, the (7)___________capacity of a compact disc increased significantly. In addition, manufacturers of (8)_______________ offer compet-itive upgrades to (9)______________ competitors’ products. Virtually all office workers today are trained in the most (10)_____________ word processing software. Computers repeatedly (11)______________ the workplace, and everyone, no matter how accomplished he or she is with other (12)_____________ , needs to stay abreast of major trends in computer development.
The Internet has popularized last-minute travel.
The popularity of the product was extremely short-lived, and it soon disappeared from the store shelves.
The new computer program was extremely popular, and people asked for it at all the stores.
1 replaced your music CDs that 1 borrowed from your desk last week.
A replacement for this damaged computer will not be cheap.
That hard disk is not easily replaceable.
Using diamond has revolutionized the pressure sensor industry during the last decade.
The revolution in electronics technology has allowed products such as phones to get smaller and more portable.
The Internet is revolutionary in how it has changed the way we communicate.
Her marketing skills inspired Jason to return to school for his MBA.
Our carpenters are skilled in everything from cabinetry to furniture making.
He negotiates so skillfully that both parties end up feeling that they’ve gotten what they wanted.
He stored too much information on the hard drive, making the computer sluggish.
The store’s inventory has to be entered manually into the database.
The storage closet is where you will find all our office supplies.
Technically, she was fired from her job.
The computer can only be repaired by someone with technical knowledge.
After we go over these minor technicalities, the agreement will be set.
Part 1 Photo
Look at the picture and listen to the sentences. Choose the sentence that best describes the picture.
Number 1. Look at the picture marked Number 1.
(A) The calculators are stored In the closet.
(B) The computers are linked by a network.
(C) The technician is replacing a part.
(D) The worker is reading the software manual.
Part 2 Question-Response
Listen to the question and the three responses. Choose the response that best answers the question.
2. A, B, C 3. A, B, C
Part 2: Question-Response Number 2.
How long will it take to replace the hard drive?
(A) Hard drives are expensive.
(B) Our technicians have the skills, don’t worry.
(C) A few hours.
Can you understand the technical section?
(A) That’s good advice, thanks.
(B) I hope so—I’m the technician.
(C) On page thirteen.
Part 3 Conversation
Listen to the dialogue. Then read each question and choose the best response.
Part 3: Conversation
Numbers 4 through 6 relate to the following conversation.
[W] Unfortunately, I don’t have the skills to retrieve this file, and I really need it. I was counting on using it to complete my project proposal.
[M] Maybe I can help you out. I’m new at this too, but I do know a few things. Are your files stored on the network?
[W] No, they’re stored on the company ftp site.
[M] Yes, there’s a special process you have to use, but I’m not sure I can figure it out. You’d better ask someone in the IT department to help you.
Downloading software is a simple process. You can download a file from a remote server, or you can simply download it from the company network. Once you’ve done it, you’ll see how easy the process is. It really takes no technical skills and, indeed, everyday folks do it every day. Today we are going to practice downloading software from a web site. To facilitate the process, I have outlined the steps here on this chart, If you get lost, just look up here and follow the steps. Technically speaking, this is a very simple process.
Now, you all have your computers turned on and connected to the Internet, right? Then the next thing you’ll do is type in the following web address.
Numbers 4 through 6 relate to the following conversation.
[M] I have the documents for tomorrow’s meeting all ready. I proofed them last night and copied them this morning. Now all I need is your help in assembling them.
[W] You should have asked me beforehand. I’m too busy to do it now.
[M] I mentioned to you that I would need your help today. These have to be finished before the end of the afternoon.
[W] I’m sorry, but I don’t remember your mentioning it. Why don’t you ask my assistant to help you with the folding and stapling?
4. Why can’t the woman retrieve her file?
(A) She doesn’t know how.
(B) She forgot its name.
(C) It was accidentally deleted.
(D) She can’t remember where ft’s stored.
5. Why does she need the file?
(A) To do her accounts.
(B) To report the news.
(C) To finish her proposal.
(D) To get information about a store.
6. What does the man suggest the woman should do?
(A) Figure it out herself.
(B) Let him help her.
(C) Improve her skills.
(D) Get help from the IT department
Part 4 Talk
Listen to the talk. Then read each question and choose the best answer.
7. What is the speaker's opinion of the process of downloading software?
(A) Anyone can do it.
(B) It requires technical skills.
(C) It’s easiest if you download from a remote server.
(D) It’s time-consuming.
8. Who is the intended audience for this talk?
(A) Computer technicians.
(B) Network managers.
(C) New computer users.
(D) Software writers.
9. What will the listeners do next?
(A) Look at a chart.
(B) Turn on their computers.
(C) Connect to the Internet.
(D) Type a web address.
Part 5 Incomplete Sentences
Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
10. The_______of the new computer network was apparent among the employees after only a few months.
11. We will_______all of our outdated software with the newest versions.
12. There is a_____approach to software design integration that all the big software developers are currently learning.
13. While Fabio’s__________with computers surpasses the technicians, he is unable to communicate his personal needs to the office manager.
14.The hard disk can_________up to 25 gigabytes of data.
15.The newspaper article on the development of new fiber-optic cables was so full of_________language that nobody could understand it.
Part 6 Text Completion
Computer technology has brought about a ______16_____ in the workplace. Now employees all around the country do all or part of their jobs from home. This phenomenon is called telecommuting and has been made possible by the widespread use of the Internet. Telecommuting has become ____17_____ among employees, although the reactions of employers are mixed. Some like telecommuting and some don’t. But most agree that it facilitates work for employees who live at a distance from the worksite. Telecommuting enables companies to keep skilled employees who move out of the area or who have family obligations that require them to stay close to home. _____18________ the regular nine-to-five office job? Probably not entirely, but we are sure to see more and more of it in the future.
16. (A) revolted
17. (A) sharp
18. (A) It replaces
(B) It will replace
(C) Will it replace
(D) Will it be replaced by
As you know, we have decided to replace our old soft-
ware with a new program that will facilitate our work
better. Although the new software is not technically
difficult to use, it is significantly different from our old
software. The entire staff will need to be trained to
use it. Of course, not everyone can attend a training
session together, because we need some staff mem-
bers to be in the office at all times. The trainer sug-
gests that each person attend one training session and
one follow-up session. The sessions will last three to
four hours each. The trainer can be here once a week.
Please develop a training schedule so that everyone
can be trained over the next two months. Thank you.
re: software training
I have written up a schedule that will facilitate the
19. What is true about the new software?
(A) It’s difficult to use.
(B) It’s very different from the old software.
(C) It requires many months of training.
(D) It’s very expensive.
20. Which staff members will be trained to use the new software?
(A) Just one from each department.
(B) Fred and Mary only.
(C) Only four of them.
(D) All of them.
21. How many training sessions will each person attend?
22. The word skills in line 9 of the second e-mail is closest in meaning to
23. The word replace in line 1 of the first e-mail is closest in meaning to
Lesson 9 Electronics
Words in Context: 1. sharply 2. networks 3. facilitated 4. processing
5. disks 6. technical 7. storage 8. software 9. replace 10. popular 11. revolutionize 12. skills
Word Practice: 1. С 2. С 3. В 4. A 5. С 6. D 7. A 8. С 9. D 10. С 11. D 12. В
13. A 14. С 15. A 16. В 17. С 18. С 19. В 20. D 21. В 22. А 23. В