Education. Lesson 3

Наречие. Упражнение на very, too, quite, extremely
1. It was up to me to find some way through to them.It was up to their daughters to provide smart clothing for themselves.
It was up to the elder boy to find some way out.
It’s up to the nurse to soothe the patient.

2. I felt angry and frustrated when they rudely interrupted that which was being done purely for their own benefit.

I felt sick and dirtied.
The pastry smells good.
How sweet the music sounds!
The grapes taste sour.  


3. The act was intended to display their utter disrespect for me.  


The valet began to feel admiration for his new master.
Scarlet looked at him with the affectionate contempt that mothers feel for small swaggering sons.
She didn’t know anything about her nephew’s love for girl.
But: His love of learning can be respected.  


4.I looked at her for some moments before daring to open my mouth.

They didn't dare to attack us, did they?
He dared to escape.

He dared to meet his enemy face to face.
But: How dare you do such a thing?
He daren’t say it matters.

I dare say the difficulty will disappear.

I dare say it doesn't matter.

1. Complete the following sentences using the Speech Patterns:  



1. ... to retype the article. 2. ... to do the shopping. 3. ... to ex­plain the circumstances to the host. 4. Helen ... did not want to be alone with him. 5. The answer sounds ... . 6. It smells ... , doesn't it? 7. The cucumbers taste ... . 8. The child felt... all night. 9, Her feel­ing of ... the unknown girl was increasing. 10. It was next to impos­sible to hide his ... the children. 11. She felt great ... her parents. 12. Her ... reading is well known. 13. How ... tell me such things? 14. I ... say he will touch upon the subject. 15. The child ... (not) open his mouth. 16. They have shown some ... the authority.

2. Paraphrase the following sentences using the Speech Patterns:

1. You couldn't help admiring her slim figure, bright eyes and soft voice. 2. It's you who must go and see for yourself. 3. The chil­dren were upset when they understood that they were despised by their leader. 4. The stink of the stuff was unbearable. 5. My little daughter loves cartoons and puppet films. Everybody knows it. 6. You oughtn't ask for more. 7. I had enough courage to tell him that he would change his mind. 8. I find the sound of the music quite familiar. 9. What a nice tune. 10. All children knew that John was devoted to his pets, and respected this feeling. 11. I was shocked by the encounter. 12. You oughtn't deny the fact. 13. It's you who must decide.

  1.Translate the following sentences into English:

1. Как ты смеешь смеяться над старушкой? 2. С понедельника она плохо себя чувствует. 3. Его любовь к книгам хорошо известна и группе. 4. Как чудесно пахнут розы! 5. Ребенок не осмелился задать свой вопрос учителю. 6. Чувство глубокого уважения к опекуну пе­реполняло Джуди. 7. Твои слова прозвучали довольно глупо. 8. Мэри рассердилась и расстроилась, когда услышала объяснения девочки. 9. Как вы смеете говорить со мной подобным образом? 10. В то осен­нее утро она прекрасно себя чувствовала и была в превосходном настроении. 11. Именно ты должен показать город своему другу. 12. Им пило холодно, они проголодались и очень устали. 13. Я думаю, дети сами должны помириться. 14. Елену всегда отличала удивительная привязанность к своей младшей сестре. 15. В ее глазах можно было видеть все то презрение, которое вызывал у нее молодой человек.

 2.Make up two sentences of your own on each pattern.

3. Make up a dialogue using the Speech Patterns and act it out (to be done in pairs).

Vocabulary Notes
1. school n 1) an educational establishment for children, as a nursery school, primary school, secondary school, boarding school, compulsory school age, e. g. The school leaving age has been raised to 16. Most schools in England take football seriously. 2) (no article) the time when teaching is given; the process of being educated; lessons, e. g. He was very bright at school. It was nearly time for school. He left school when he was fifteen. 3) all the pupils in an educational institution, e. g. The school will have a holiday tomorrow. 4) any institution giving specialized instruction, either to children or to adults; a specialized institution which forms part of a university, as a ballet school, law school, London School of Economics. 5) a group of persons having the same ideas about a subject, as the Dutch school of painting.

Note: The English for «учиться в школе» is 'to go to school', 'to be at school' and not 'to study at school', e. g. He learnt to read before he went to school. Moth­er and Mrs. Darnes had been at school together.

schooling n education obtained at school , e.g. Schooling is compulsory in Russia.

Scholar n a learned and erudite person, especially one who is learned in the classical languages and their literature, e. g. Dr. Grant is a distinguished scholar.

scholarship n a sum of money given by an individual, a collective body, or the state, to enable a person to study, e. g. He has won a scholarship to Cambridge.

2. advantage n 1) smth. useful or helpful, smth. likely to bring success, esp. success in competition with another or others, e. g. The advantages of good education are great. The shallowness of the seas round the British Isles is in some ways an advantage, to have (gain, win, give smb.) an .advantage (over smb.) to have a better position or opportunity, e. g. He has an advantage over other students, he is well-read, to have the advantage of to be in a better position because of smth., as to have the advantage of being modern (being cheap, etc.), e. g. He has the advantage of being young.


2) benefit, profit; to take advantage of smth. lo make good use of smth., to profit by smth., as to take advantage of an opportunity (of smb.'s weakness, ignorance, absence, etc.), e. g. Jack took advantage of the opportunity to speak to Gwendolen, to advantage in .1 way that shows its good points, as to be seen (heard, shown, exhibited) lo advantage, e. g. The picture is seen to (better) advantage from .i distance, ant. disadvantage.


3.admit vt/i 1) to allow a person to enter, e. g. The woman opened the door and admitted me into the house. Children are not admitted. 2) to accept as a member of, as to be admitted to an institute (school, party), e. g. Only one hundred boys are admitted to the school every year. 3) to have enough space for, e. g. The theatre admits only 200 persons. 4) to acknowledge, confess, accept as true, as to admit one's, mistake (fault, I hat one's wrong), e. g. You must admit that the task is difficult, ant. deny, e. g. I deny that the statement is true.

admission n 1) allowing to come, go in, being admitted, as admission is free, admission by ticket, price of admission; to apply for admission to • in institute (party), e. g. Admission to the school is by examination only. 2)statement admitting smth., as an admission of guilt, e. g. The accused refused to make an admission of his guilt.

4.waste vt/i 1) to use without a good purpose or result; to spend uselessly, as to waste one's time (energy, money, work), e. g. All his efforts were wasted. 2) to lose strength by degrees, e. g. He was wasting away.

waste n unprofitable use; useless remains of smth. e. g. It's a waste of time to wait any longer. There is too much waste in the house, to lay waste to ravage, to destroy, as to lay waste a country, a city, a village.

waste adj useless; unwanted; thrown away, as waste paper, a waste paper basket, waste effort.

wasteful adj using or spending too much or uselessly, as a wasteful man, wasteful habits, wasteful process.

5.back vi/t 1) to go, or cause to go backwards, e. g. Montmorency would growl and back at a rapid pace. 2) to give support to, to help (with money, arguments, etc.), as to back smb. or smb.'s proposal (plans, etc.).

back n 1) the hinder part of the body, as to stand with one's back to the window; to turn one's back to (the audience, the window, etc.), e. g. Turn your back to me, I'll put your collar straight, to turn one's back on smb. to I in n away or run away from smb., e. g. It was mean of you to turn your back on her when she needed your help, to do smth. behind smb.'s back to do

smth. without smb.'s knowledge, e. g. You ought not to criticize her behind her back. 2) the part of a thing which is farthest from the front, as the back of the house, the back of one's head, the back of a chair, at the back of one's mind; 3) (modifying other nouns) away from the front, as a back seat (street, vowel), back teeth (rows, etc.)

back adv to, in or into an earlier position or state, as to go (run, turn, be, come) back; to go back on one's word to fail to keep a promise, e. g. One cannot rely on a person who goes back on his word, to keep smth. back from smb. to conceal, e. g. You needn't keep this news back from him. back from at a distance from, e. g. The house stood back from the road. back and forth to and fro, as to walk (run, fly) back and forth.

backbreaking adj very hard, as backbreaking work.

backbone n the row of bones joined together along the back; to the backbone (fig.) completely, e. g. He is Russian to the backbone.

background n 1) contrasting surface; on (against) the background of smth., e. g. The white house stood out on the background of the green trees, on (against) a white (black, red) background, e. g. The girl wore a dress with white spots on a blue background. 2) the part which is at the back, as in the background (foreground) of a picture; to keep (stay, remain, be) in the background to keep where one will not be noticed, e. g. She is very shy and always keeps in the background. 3) origin, social status and qualifications of a person, e. g. Tell me your background (tell me about yourself).

backward adj behind others, as a backward district (child, people).

backwards adv with the back coming first, e. g. Can you spell the word "backwards"?

6.require vt to ask for, to need, as to require extra help, e. g. The matter requires great care. He did all that was required of him. syn. demand (to ask for with authority, to insist on having), e. g. The policeman demanded his name. The strikers demanded immediate payment.

requirement n thing required, as the requirements of the law, to meet the requirements of people, e. g. What are the requirements for entering this institute?

7. reference n 1) (instance of) alluding, e. g. You should make reference to a dictionary. The book is full of references to places that I know well. 2) a statement about a person's character or abilities, e. g. The clerk has excellent references from former employers. 3) note, direction, telling where certain information may be found, e. g. He dislikes history books that are crowded with references to earlier authorities.

refer vt/i 1) to send, take, hand over (to smb. or smth.), e. g. I was referred to the manager. 2) to speak of, allude to; to apply to, e. g. Don't refer to this matter again, please. Does that remark refer to me? 3) to turn (to), go (to) for information, etc., e. g. The speaker often referred to his notes.

8.temper n 1) a disposition, as a person of even (pleasant, fiery, etc.) tamper; to have an even (sweet, uncertain, quick, etc.) temper; hot-tempered, good-tempered, bad-tempered; 2) a mood, as to be in a good (bad, forgiving, calm, friendly) temper.

Note: When the word is used without an adjective, the meaning is always “an angry state of mind".


to lose one's temper, to control (to keep) one's temper, to get (to fly) in l о a temper about smth., to be in a temper, e. g. I was surprised but I did imi lose my temper. There is nothing to fly into a temper about. Joseph мл w I hat she was fighting to keep her temper.

9.display vt 1) to show, esp. spread out or place so that there is no difficulty in seeing, as to display pictures (paintings) in a gallery; to display goods in a shop-window; 2) to show signs of having, as to display courage (heroism, anxiety, a contempt for one's feeling, no enthusiasm about smth.).

display n displaying, showing or exhibiting, as a fine display of courage, a-display of bad temper, a fashion display, to make a display I one's affection, e. g. There was a fine display of flowers at the ex­hibition.

10. decent adj 1) proper and suitable, good for a particular time or place, as decent clothes (conditions, marks); 2) modest, not likely to cause people to feel shame, as a decent fellow (conduct, book, film).

decency n the quality of being decent, e. g. He doesn't know the of shame or common decency. Have the decency to admit it.

Word Combinations and Phrases

to take (some) paints to do smth.

to have a pretty good idea of

reasonably fair

to make (no) comment

in fact

to set a task

to feel frustrated

to play into smb.'s hands

utter disrespect


1. Paraphrase the following sentences using the word combinations and phrases.

1. She realized well enough what kind of person Lydia was. 2.The boy tried very hard to make his mother buy him a puppy. 3.She didn't say anything. 4. Julia was troubled about her par­ents' health. 5. The manager explained to John what the latter had to do. 6. Your actions helped Katie to do what she meant to. 7. The teacher was worried about his pupils' future. 8. The sums are rather difficult, but the pupils know the rules and will cope with them. 9. The young mother was upset. She thought her baby was developing too slowly. 10. Pamela always acts in a way which is more convenient for her friends than for herself. 11. She is too discreet to show that she never respected the fellow very much. 12. The doctor didn't give his opinion of the accident. 13. I have sufficient knowledge about her plans for the future. 14. As a matter of fact we had a very pleasant voyage. 15. She worries about the paintings. 16. It was primarily worried about keeping them that way. 17. Jane Pucell felt upset because of the tense at­mosphere in the classroom.

2. Translate the following sentences into English using the word combina­tions and phrases.

1. Сердиться на вас — значит лить воду на вашу мельницу. 2. Пе­редо мной поставили очень сложную задачу, и я должен был ее вы­полнить. 3. Мы можем купить этот мебельный гарнитур, он дорог, но в разумных пределах. 4. Молодой учитель был расстроен тем, что не все ученики его класса обладали хорошими навыками выразительно­го чтения. 5. Я не могу сказать, чтобы мне понравился этот спектакль, в сущности, мне было до смерти скучно. 6. Судьба нам улыбнулась, и мы нашли то, что искали. 7. Она всегда беспокоится о своем сыне, когда он уезжает. 8. М-р Поттер ничего не сказал по поводу речи ора­тора. 9. Я прекрасно отдаю себе отчет в том, почему они навещают меня каждую неделю. 10, Я глубоко и искренне уважаю вас, но отсут­ствие какого-либо уважения к вашему брату делает нашу дружбу не­возможной. 11. В сущности он поставил перед нами задачу. 12. Не стоит беспокоиться по поводу этих новостей. 13. Ее крайнее неува­жение отнюдь не облегчало жизнь в семье.

3.Make up and practise a short situation using the word combinations and phrases . 4. Make up and act out a dialogue using the word combinations and phrases (to be done in pairs).     go on to the next page  

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