√ How to get it right.
√ Giving advice.
√ Phrasal verbs.
√ Giving advice.
√ Phrasal verbs.
|apparently||əˈpærəntli||по всей видимости|
|bottle bank||ˈbɒtl bæŋk||контейнер для пустых бутылок|
|bring up||brɪŋ ʌp||воспитывать|
|council house||ˈkaʊns(ə)l haʊs||Дом Советов|
|cut off||kʌt ɒf||отрезать|
|deal with||diːl wɪð||иметь дело с|
|drink-driving||drɪŋk-ˈdraɪvɪŋ||вождение в нетрезвом виде|
|fairground ride||fairground raɪd||ярмарочных езды|
|get through||gɛt θruː||пройти через|
|give in||gɪv ɪn||уступать|
|go with the flow||gəʊ wɪð ðə fləʊ||плыть по течению|
|in spite of||ɪn spaɪt ɒv||несмотря на|
|keep quiet||kiːp ˈkwaɪət||соблюдайте тишину|
|military service||ˈmɪlɪtəri ˈsɜːvɪs||военная служба|
|out of work||aʊt ɒv wɜːk||из работы|
|pick up||pɪk ʌp||подбирать|
|point of view||pɔɪnt ɒv vjuː||точка зрения|
|push up||pʊʃ ʌp||отжимание|
|put up with||pʊt ʌp wɪð||смириться с|
|schooling||ˈskuːlɪŋ||учеба в школе|
|set an example||sɛt ən ɪgˈzɑːmpl||подавать пример|
|set up||sɛt ʌp||настроить|
|space station||speɪs ˈsteɪʃən||космическая станция|
|take after||teɪk ˈɑːftə||походить на|
|take up||teɪk ʌp||начать|
|woodwork||ˈwʊdwɜːk||изделия из дерева|
4.1 Discussing grammar
1 I don’t get on with my boss. Do you think I should look for another job?
2 We’re giving Tom a surprise birthday party. You mustn’t tell him about it.
3 Please Dad, can I go to Tom’s party? It’ll be great.
4 You have to drive on the left in Britain.
5 Do you have to wear a uniform in your job?
6 Are you allowed to take mobile phones to school?
7 I had to go to bed early when I was a child.
8 You don’t have to go to England to learn English, but it’s a good idea.
4.2 Giving advice Conversation 1
A Are you going to Charlotte’s party?
В I don’t know if I should go or not.
A What do you mean?
В Well, her parents are abroad and they told her she wasn’t allowed to have friends over while they were away.
A Oh, come on! You must come. It’s a party.
Everyone has parties when their parents are away. В Yeah, but her mum and dad are best friends with mine.
A Look. You don’t have to tell your mum and dad.
Just go to the party and help to clear up after.
В I’m not sure.
A Do you see that woman over there?
В Yeah, what about her?
A She’s smoking!
A You’re not allowed to smoke in here.
В Well ...
A Do you think I should tell her to stop?
В No, no, you mustn’t say anything. It’s embarrassing. The waiter will tell her.
A No! I can’t just sit here. I must say something. Er - excuse me ...
A I’m so mad!
A I’ve got a parking ticket. I had to go to the shops for my dad and when I got back to the car there was a ticket on the windscreen.
В Oh, that’s bad luck!
A I think he should pay the fine.
В Who? Your dad? Why? He wasn’t driving.
A Yeah, but I was doing his shopping.
В But he didn’t tell you to park illegally.
A OK, OK, so it’s my fault. Er - I still think he should pay it.
4.3 Great-grandma Alice
This is a story that my great-grandma Alice loved telling about her school days. She started school when she was 5 and, apparently, she was very bright. Anyway, that’s what she told us. And when she was
11 the teacher, Miss Fox, came to her and said: ‘Alice, you’ve learnt everything that I know. I can’t teach you any more now. But you’re not allowed to leave school until you’re 12 years old, so you’ll just have to sit at the back of the class.’ So that’s what Great-grandma Alice did. She sat at the back for a whole year and her dad, my great-great grandpa, was really angry ’cos he wanted her to be out earning money for the family. She was a domestic servant.
4.4 Rules for life
Well, so many teenagers seem to think life is about just one thing, you know - money and fame, they think it will bring them happiness. Honestly, I would hate to be famous. When I read the magazines, and see all the photos of these rich, famous film stars, footballers and the like, it frightens me. They can’t move without being followed and photographed. Often they’ve got to employ bodyguards. When
1 grow up I just want to enjoy my work, if I earn lots of money, fair enough, but if I don’t I’ll still be happy. I never want to be famous. That’s scary stuff.
My rule for life is that you only get out of life what you put in. I mean, you should never ask that question people always ask ‘Why are we here? What is the meaning of life?’ - you’ll never find the answer. You’ve got to give meaning to your life by what you do with your life -er ... and I think you can do this in all kinds of ways. It doesn’t matter
if you are president of your country or a rubbish collector - you have a place in the world, you have a part to play.
I believe you’ve got to look for the good in people and things. So many people of my age do nothing but complain about today’s world - oh, on and on they go about -ooh, how bad the traffic is, or how mobile phones are such a menace. Oh, and most of all they complain - about young people - they’re loud, they’re impolite, not like in the ‘good old days’. Well, I say ‘rubbish’ to all that. There’s always been good and bad in the world and I think we should look for the good. The rule I try to live by is find three things every day to be happy about.
4.5 Spoken English
1 A ‘Isn’t your mum away at the moment?’
В ‘Uh, yeah, so Dad’s got to do all the cooking and I’ve got to do all the ironing.’
2 A ‘Where’s my briefcase? I’ve got to go to work’ В ‘It’s where you left it when you came home. In
the hall by the front door.’
3 A ‘Mum, why can’t I go out now?’
В ‘You’ve got to tidy your room first. Your friends will just have to wait.’
4 A ‘Won’t you be late for work?’
В ‘Oh, goodness. Look at the time I’ve got to go now. I mustn’t stay here chatting. We’ll catch up later. Bye!’
4.6 I Believe
I believe in bottle banks.
And beauty from within I believe in saying thanks And fresh air on the skin I believe in healthy walks As tonic for the feet I believe in serious talks And just enough to eat Chorus
That’s what I believe Surprising as it seems I believe that happiness Is well within our dreams I believe in being nice In spite of what you think I believe in good advice And not too much to drink I believe in being true In everything you try to do I believe in me and you I hope you share my point of view Chorus (repeat)
I believe in being kind Especially when it’s hard I believe an open mind Can show a fine regard I believe that manners make A person good to know I believe in birthday cake And going with the flow Chorus (repeat)
That’s what I believe Although it seems naive I believe that peace and love Are there to be achieved That’s what I believe...
4.7 Phrasal verbs
1 A Who do you take after in your family?
В Mmm ... I don’t think I take after anyone in particular. Mind you the older I get, the more I think I’m like my mother. Humh ...!
2 A Do you get on well with both your parents?
В Yes, I do. Most of the time. I do a lot of stuff with my dad. Football and things.
3 A Have you recently taken up any new sports or hobbies?
В Me? No! My life’s too busy already!
4 A Do you often look up words in your dictionary?
В Sometimes, if I’m really stuck.
5 A Are you looking forward to going on holiday soon?
В I wish! I’ve just been on holiday so I’ve got to wait till Christmas now.
6 A Do you pick up foreign languages easily?
В Well, I picked up Italian quite easily when I was living in Milan but I already knew French, so I think that helped a bit.
7 A Have you got any bad habits that you want to
В Yes, I bite my nails. I just can’t stop and I’m a teacher so I have to hide my hands from the kids ’cos I don’t want to set a bad example.
4.10 Conversation 1
A Hello, it’s me again. I’ve just remembered that I have a doctor’s appointment in the morning. Could we possibly make it lunch instead of coffee?
В Erm ..., no problem. I can do lunch too. How about 12.30 in the usual restaurant?
A Would you mind if we didn’t go out for a drink after work? I want to watch the match on TV.
В Hey, we could have a drink at Bar Metro. They have a huge screen. We could both watch the match there.
A You’re on. A great idea.
A So, anyway, there I was just finishing my report, when suddenly the boss calls me into his office and he starts ...
В Sorry darling, I really do want to hear all about it, but the baby’s crying. Do you think you could go and check him? He might need changing.
A Help! Urgh ... I don’t know what’s gone wrong with my computer. The screen’s frozen again.
В I’ll try and fix it if you like. I’m quite good with computers.
A Oh, go ahead. Be my guest. I’ve had it with this machine!