√ Phoning Home.
√ Fears and Phobias.
|badly behaved||ˈbædli bɪˈheɪvd||плохо вела себя|
|cattle||ˈkætl||крупный рогатый скот|
|drive sb crazy||draɪv sb ˈkreɪzi||сводит кого-либо с ума|
|full-time||fʊl-taɪm||на постоянной основе|
|fully||ˈfʊli||в полной мере|
|get together||gɛt təˈgɛðə||Будьте вместе|
|glassware||ˈglɑːsweə||изделия из стекла|
|hard disk||hɑːd dɪsk||жесткий диск|
|homecomings||ˈhəʊmˌkʌmɪŋz||ежегодная встреча выпускников|
|in tune with||ɪn tjuːn wɪð||в гармонии с|
|like chalk and cheese||laɪk ʧɔːk ænd ʧiːz||как мел и сыр|
|medium height||ˈmiːdjəm haɪt||среднего роста|
|sell out||sɛl aʊt||распродавать|
|the Ladies||ðə ˈleɪdɪz||леди|
|think straight||θɪŋk streɪt||мыслить|
|top floor||tɒp flɔː||верхний этаж|
|well behaved||wɛl bɪˈheɪvd||хорошо себя ведет|
|well dressed||wɛl drɛst||хорошо одетый|
|young at heart||jʌŋ æt hɑːt||молод душой|
1 When we saw the photos we couldn’t help feeling worried.
2 The photos made it look worse than it really was.
3 Your friends must promise to keep their room tidy.
4 It’s really kind of you to let them stay.
5 Did Victor help you escape from the crocodile?
6 He warned us not to go swimming.
7 We couldn’t help feeling a bit scared.
8 Have you decided to come home yet?
Phoning home M = Mum К = Kate
M Kate! It’s so good to hear from you. Are you OK? К Oh Mum, I’m really sorry for worrying you so much. I really didn’t mean to.
M We opened our emails and we were so delighted to see all your photos and then we saw that one.
К I didn’t want my friends to post it on Facebook.
I asked them not to.
M But Kate, all that blood, and you went to hospital.
We couldn’t help feeling worried.
К I know, but honestly Mum, my friends made me go to the hospital, I really didn’t need to.
M How is your head now?
К Absolutely fine. Honestly. I’ll email you some more photos and you can see for yourself.
M OK. Don’t forget to.
К I’ll call again soon and I promise to text regularly. Bye.
M Bye. Take care!
(22) Spoken English
1 A Did you post my letter?
В Oh sorry, I forgot to.
2 A I can’t go out with you this evening. Sorry.
В Oh, but you promised to.
3 A Why did you email your mother again?
В Because she asked me to.
4 A Do you think you’ll apply for that job?
В Yes, I’ve definitely decided to.
5 A Are you taking your brother to the airport?
В Well, I offered to but he said he didn’t want
Fears and phobias
I have a really unusual phobia. It began when I was a little girl. I was staying with my grandmother and she asked me to go upstairs and get her cardigan. I opened the cupboard and saw this big, dark green cardigan with huge, black buttons hanging there -1 was terrified. I started screaming. My grandmother rushed upstairs and finally managed to calm me down but from then on it was a problem, it was the buttons - all buttons made me feel uncomfortable. It’s difficult for me to buy clothes - I try to find skirts and trousers with just belts and zips, but it’s not easy. About a year ago a button came off a colleague’s jacket at work and I had a panic attack. I’ve decided to see a psychotherapist, but I’m embarrassed to say ‘I’m scared of buttons.’ It sounds silly.
I’m not sure what first started my phobia, but my dad used to go fishing and afterwards I didn’t like watching him cleaning the fish in the kitchen sink. Then when I was about seven I started feeling afraid when I saw him coming home with the fish. He had to stop catching it. As I grew up the problem got worse and worse. I couldn’t go into supermarkets
- the sight of fish made me feel sick. When I started going out with my wife I had to ask her never to eat fish. I daren’t go to restaurants because once I saw someone eating an oyster and I had a panic attack.
I can only eat in hamburger bars now. It makes life very difficult for my whole family. I’ve started to see a psychologist but I haven’t succeeded in conquering my phobia yet.
I’m 13 years old and I’ve been terrified of balloons since I was five. I was trying to blow one up and it popped in my face. I can remember feeling the rubber on my skin - ugh it was awful. My friends don’t understand, they enjoy chasing me around with blown up balloons because they think it’s fun to see me cry. Last time, we were in the school playground, and I had a panic attack. At first they refused to believe me and they didn’t get the teacher but then they saw how bad it was - I was having difficulty breathing and they got frightened. The worst thing is that I can’t go to parties, if I do I have to ask them not to have balloons. I can’t imagine ever blowing one up. 1 can’t even look at them on TV, I start to shake. I want to see somebody about it. My teacher says I have to.
The psychologist’s view
Human beings are programmed to be afraid of things that can hurt them. Show a baby a picture of a snake or a big, poisonous spider and the baby will show fear. It’s in our DNA. We’re all afraid of some things and that’s good. But a phobia causes absolute terror, with physical symptoms such as a racing heart, sickness and panic attacks. Phobias are usually the result of a bad experience, for example a car crash can cause a fear of driving, but it’s often just fear of ordinary things like balloons or a particular food. Some people are more likely to get phobias than others, it’s in their genes. My job is to train people to conquer their phobia. First we just talk about it, and help the patient relax. Then we might show just a picture or cartoon of their phobia. After that we sometimes show a film and finally we ask them to touch the object. In this way phobias can normally be treated in just three or four sessions.
1 The cat got up the tree easily enough but I had to climb a ladder to get her down.
2 Daniel, stop staring out of the window and get on with your work!
3 Since you whistled that tune I can’t get it out of my head.
4 I hate it when my Aunt Mary hugs me tight. She wears this disgusting perfume, and I smell of it afterwards.
5 Bob’s hopeless at all sports. He can’t even kick a football.
6 You’d better lick your ice-cream - it’s melting.
7 Do people kneel down to pray in all religions?
8 I keep trying to stop biting my nails but I can’t. It’s a terrible habit.
9 I’m terrified of blowing up balloons in case they go ‘pop’.
10 Don’t scratch that insect bite. You’ll get an infection.
11 By the end of the concert we were all clapping our hands to the music.
12 The tourist guide pointed at a place on the map.
13 My dad’s useless at doing DIY. He can’t even hit a nail with a hammer.
14 My two-year-old nephew is so cute. He loves marching up and down like a soldier.
A = Airline steward
В = Passenger
A Good morning. Where are you flying to?
A And how many bags do you want to check in?
В Just this one.
A Fine. Put it on the scales please ... Oh dear.
В What’s the matter?
A I’m afraid it’s overweight. It’s nearly 30 kilos and you’re only allowed 23.
В What can I do?
A Well, you can pay for excess baggage. The rate is erm ... £18.75 - that’s $37 per kilo.
В So 7 times £18.75 that’s-er
A That’s £131.25 or $259.
В Goodness. That’s a fortune but I’ll just have to pay it.
A OK. And just the one piece of hand luggage?
В Yes, just this bag.
A That’s fine. Here’s your boarding pass. You’re boarding from Gate 6 at 9.20. The gate will be open 45 minutes before the flight. Have a good journey.
В Thank you.
A = Passenger В = Transport Direct employee
A Good morning. Transport direct. Can I help you?
В Oh yes, I was trying to book rail tickets online and it didn’t work.
A That’s OK. Where and when do you want to travel?
В I want to go from London, King’s Cross to Edinburgh on the 13th of March.
A March 30th?
В No, no March 13th. I want to go on the 13th and return on the 30th.
A OK, the 13th to the 30th — so you want a return ticket. And do you want to travel in the morning or the afternoon?
В Well, I want to travel up mid-morning if possible, but I’d like to come back on an evening train.
A Right. There’s a train at 10.30 am, it arrives in Edinburgh at 14.53.
В Sounds good. And returning?
A For the return there’s one at 19.00, arrives back in London just after midnight.
В Mmm ... is there an earlier one?
A There’s the 17.30. It arrives back in London at 22.28.
В Er, that sounds perfect. I’ll go for that. How much is that?
A It’s a saver return, so that’s £98.20. Is that OK?
A Can you give me your credit card details?
В Yes, it’s a Visa card. The name on the card is Mr К Farnham. The number is 0494 7865 4562 1320
A The expiry date?
A And your address?
В 15, Kingston Road.
A Did you say 50?
В No, 15, one, five Kingston R ...