Lesson 12. Applying and Interviewing.

Курсы изучения разговорного английского языка
√ ability
√ apply
√ background
√ be ready for
√ call in
√ confidence
√ constantly
√ expert
√ follow up
√ hesitant
√ present
√ weakl



ability əˈbɪlɪti способность
apply əˈplaɪ подать заявление
background ˈbækgraʊnd Подготовка, образование
be ready for biː ˈrɛdi fɔː быть готовым к
call in kɔːl ɪn Вызывать, yзайти, заскочить
confidence ˈkɒnfɪdəns уверенность
constantly ˈkɒnstəntli постоянно
expert ˈɛkspɜːt  эксперт
follow up ˈfɒləʊ ʌp следовать за
hesitant ˈhɛzɪtənt колеблющийся
present ˈprɛznt Дарить, показывать
weakly ˈwiːkli слабо



Study the following definitions and examples.

1. ability n., a skill, a competence – способность, навык, компетенция.


a. The designer’s ability was obvious from her portfolio.

b. The ability to work with others is a key requirement.

2. apply v., to look for; to submit an application - применять.

a. The college graduate applied for three jobs and received three offers.

b. Everyone who is interested should apply in person at any branch office.

3. background n., a person’s experience, education, and family history – образование, подготовка.

a. Your background in the publishing industry is a definite asset for this job.
b. The employer did a complete background check before offering him the job.

4. be ready for v., to be prepared - быть готовым к…

a. Thanks to her careful research, the applicant felt that she was ready for the interview with the director of the program.
b. The employer wasn’t ready for the applicant’s questions.

5. call in v., to ask to come; to beckon – вызывать, манить.

a. The young woman was so excited when she was called in for an interview that she told everyone she knew.
b. The human resources manager called in all the qualified applicants for a second interview.

6. confidence n., a belief in one’s abilities, self-esteem – уверенность.

a. Good applicants show confidence during an interview,
b. He had too much confidence and thought that the job was his.

7. constantly adj., on a continual basis, happening all the time – постоянно, регулярно.

a. The company is constantly looking for highly trained employees.
b. Martin constantly checked his messages to see if anyone had called for an interview.

8. expert n., a specialist – эксперт.

a. Our department head is an expert in financing.
b. The candidate demonstrated that he was an expert in marketing.

9. follow up v., to take additional steps, to continue; n., the continuation of a previous action - предпринять дополнительные шаги, продолжить, продолжение предыдущей, последующее мероприятие, продолжение.

a. Always follow up an interview with a thank-you note.
b. As a follow up, the candidate sent the company a list of references.

10. hesitant adj., reluctant; with reservation - колеблющийся.

a. Marla was hesitant about negotiating a higher salary.
b. The recent college graduate was hesitant about accepting his first offer.

11. present v., to introduce; to show; to offer for consideration – представлять, предлагать.

a. The human resources director presents each candidate's resume to the department supervisor for review,
b. The candidate presented her qualifications so well that the employer offered her a job on the spot.

12. weakly adv., without strength; poorly – слабо, без сильно

a. Her hands trembled and she spoke weakly at the interview.
b. She wrote so weakly we couldn't read it.


WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.

abilities            backgrounds      constantly        hesitant
apply              called in            experts            present
are ready for    confidence         follow up         weaknesses

How many times in your life will you search for a new job? The
(I)_____say probably more times than you think!
Some people find the job search time-consuming and hard on their
self- (2)_____. The best job hunters are those who
never stop looking and don’t dwell on their (3)_____.
They network (4)_____: at meetings, at social
gatherings, and with people they meet on the street.
They (5)_____periodically with contacts and acquaintances
to keep up with new developments.
Good job hunters assess their (6)_____all the time.
Before they even (7)_____for a position, they have researched the field
and the specific companies they are interested in.
They know where they could fit into the company and they tailor their resumes for each position.
They try to show how their (8)_____match the job opening. Therefore, when they
are (9)_____for an interview, they’re prepared. They (10)_____anything!
At the interview, these job hunters know that they must
(II )_____themselves in the best way possible. This is
their opportunity to shine. It is also their opportunity to see if this is truly
the job that they want. If either party is (12)_____at the
interview, it may be a sign that it isn’t a good fit.


verb apply Your chances are better if you apply for a job in the spring.
noun applicant The manager selected him from all the applicants.
noun application The department can’t process your application until all documents have been received.
     
noun confidence It’s refreshing to see a manager with so much confidence in her employees.
adjective confident Don’t be too confident until you actually have an offer.
adverb confidently The applicant confidently walked into the interview, sat down, and began to talk about himself.
     
noun expert Don’t portray yourself as an expert if you aren’t.
noun expertise The worker gained expertise over the years and was promoted to a higher position.
adjective expert As an expert negotiator, she should have no problems getting what the company wants.
     
adjective hesitant The applicant was hesitant to explain his reason for leaving his last job.
noun hesitation Her hesitation about accepting the job made the department wonder if she was really interested.
verb hesitate Don’t hesitate to call if you have any questions concerning the job.
     
verb present I'd like to present my гёвитё for your consideration.
noun presentation The applicant’s presentation made a favorable impression.
adjective presentable The applicant was well dressed and presentable.
     
adverb weakly The applicant shook hands weakly, making me question her strength of character.
adjective weak She gave a weak description of her computer skills.
noun weakness Interviewers often ask candidates about their strengths and weaknesses.



WORD PRACTICE
LISTENING COMPREHENSION

Track 12

Part 1 Photo
Look at the picture and listen to the sentences. Choose the sentence that best describes the picture.
1. A B C

Part 2 Question-Response
Listen to the question and the three responses. Choose the response that best answers the question.
2. A B C         3. A B C

Part3 Conversation

Listen to the dialogue. Then read each question and choose the best answer.

What do people think about the woman now?
     (A) She has no confidence.
     (B) She is an expert.
     (C) She is a beginner at networking.
     (D) Her computer skills are weak.

What was the woman hesitant to do?
     (A) Apply for a job.
     (B) Use a computer.
     (C) Give a presentation.
     (D) Go to a job interview.

What does the man want the woman to do?
     (A) Help him with a workshop.
     (B) Speak at a conference.
     (C) Give him some change.
     (D) Hire him.

Part 4 Talk

Listen to the taik. Then read each question and choose the best answer.

7. Who would call in to this hotline?
    (A) An expert in Salvo’s product line.
    (B) An employer.
    (C) A human resources presenter.
    (D) A job seeker.

8. What is the purpose of this recording?
    (A) To inform callers about Salvo.
    (B) To explain to callers what they can do.
    (C) To present the company’s philosophy.
    (D) To give background information about a product problem.

9. What kind of people is Salvo currently looking for?
    (A) Fashion designers.
    (B) Foreign language speakers.
    (C) Human resource experts.
    (D) Software users.

READING

Part 5 Incomplete Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the sentence.

10. So many well-qualified people for the position that we won’t be able to make a decision for several weeks.
    (A) apply
    (B) application
    (C) applicant
    (D) applied

11. As the interview continued, the applicant’s began to decline.
    (A) confidently
    (B) confident
    (C) confidence
    (D) confidential

12. The applicant’s unique enabled her to have almost any job that she wanted.
    (A) expertise
    (B) experts
    (C) expertly
    (D) expert

13. She spoke without , expressing self-confidence and projecting that she had a firm handle on the information.
    (A) hesitant
    (B) hesitate
    (C) hesitatingly
    (D) hesitation

14. During an interview, it is important to your weaknesses in a way that shows you are working to improve them.
    (A) presentation
    (B) present
    (C) presentable
    (D) presenting

15. Her handshake had always felt like a dead fish and it was taken as a sign of a character.
    (A) weak
    (B) weakly
    (C) weakness
    (D) weakening

Part 6 Text Completion
When you go on a job interview, the most important thing to remember is to present yourself well. Before you go, prepare yourself by dressing neatly and professionally. When you arrive, enter the interview room  16    . Look the interviewer in the eye when you shake hands. When you talk about yourself, do not be shy about your abilities. You are there to prove that you can do the job. Explain your work and educational background briefly and discuss the skills you have developed through experience.   17  to point out areas in which you have expertise.
The worst thing you can do is discuss your experience weakly. Remember, if you believe in yourself, other people will, too.
Don’t forget to 18  the interview with a thank-you note before a week has passed.

16
(A) confident
(B) confidently
(C) confide
(D) confidence

17
(A) No hesitation
(B) Not hesitating
(C) Don’t hesitate
(D) Doesn’t hesitate

18.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the following letter.

Matilda Moreno,
Human Resources Director Milestone Marketing, Inc.
1476 Honeycutt Avenue Riverdale
Dear Ms. Moreno,

I am writing in response to your ad in last Sunday’s newspaper. I am interested in applying for
the marketing research assistant position. I have the background and abilities you are looking
for. I have recently graduated from a four-year university program with a degree in Marketing.
My work experience includes three months working as an intern for a local marketing firm, so I
have on-the-job marketing experience in addition to my university training. I have also worked
for the past two years as a part-time office manager while going to school. My experience at this
job allowed me to develop important managerial and organizational skills.

I currently live in Deerfield but am interested in relocating to Riverdale. I will be visiting
Riverdale during the first week of next month and am ready to come in for an interview any
time during that week,
I am enclosing my resume and three letters of reference. Please don’t hesitate to contact me if you
have any questions or need further information. I believe I am a good match for your company,
and I am confident that I can do the job. I look forward to hearing from you.

Sincerely,
Samuel Rutherford

19. What kind of job Is Mr. Rutherford looking for?
    (A) Office manager.
    (B) Human resources director.
    (C) Marketing research assistant.
    (D) Newspaper reporter.

20. When does he want to have an interview?
    (A) Sunday.
    (B) Next week.
    (C) Next month,
    (D) In three months.

21. What does he include with this letter?
    (A) A copy of his university degree.
    (B) Three reference books.
    (C) A job description.
    (D) His resume.

22. The word background in line 2 is closest in meaning to
    (A) experience
    (B) location
    (C) position
    (D) age

23. The word confident in line 13 is closest in meaning to
    (A) afraid
    (B) lucky
    (C) glad
    (D) sure



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